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Courses

Graduate Sociology courses at Longwood are currently offered off-campus at the Central Virginia Criminal Justice Academy in Lynchburg.  Each off-campus course is typically offered over four alternate weekends during regular fall and spring semesters.

SOCL 501. Sociological Theory.

A critical examination of theories in sociology, especially as they relate to the problem of maintaining order in modern society.  The theorists to be examined may include Mark, Durkheim, Weber, Toennies, Tocqueville, Simmel, Parsons, Merton, Mead, Goffman and Homans.  3 credits.

SOCL 502. Criminology Theory.

A historical analysis of the theories that have been developed to explain crime. Beginning with Cesare Beccaria's An Essay on Crimes and Punishment published in 1764; other writers to be considered include but are not limited to Lombroso, Durkheim, Marx, Weber, Merton, the Chicago School scholars, and Chesney-Lind. The discussion will focus on both the causes of "street" and white collar crimes.  3 credits.

SOCL 503-504. Research and Evaluation Techniques: Computer Applications for Practitioners, Parts 1 and 2.

A two-semester course that will focus on essential research and evaluation techniques. The first semester will consist of examination of the methodologies employed in sociological research and evaluation including participant observation, use of existing data sources, experiments, survey research, and program evaluation. Students will select a topic for investigation and begin gathering relevant data. The second semester will be the application of the statistical techniques of research and evaluation. Statistical procedures will include frequency distributions, t-Test, Chi Square, ANOVA, and regression. All of these tests will be conducted on computer using SPSSx or SAS.  3 credits per semester.

SOCL 505. Issues in Criminal Justice.

A survey course which examines the core components of the criminal justice system. An examination of causes of criminal behavior, statistics on the incidence of crime from both official sources and victimization studies, specific agencies within the system including those charges with enforcement, adjudication and correction.  3 credits.

SOCL 506. Sociology of Policing.

A critical analysis of the institutions of criminal justice and the actors therein. Topics including sociological notions of policing, social research and policing, historical developments and evolution of policing institutions; police roles and functions, police authority, control of the police, police deviance and the emergent police occupational subculture.  3 credits.

SOCL 507. Corrections.

Ideological, theological and pragmatic justification of punishment and rehabilitation. Determination of the effectiveness of punishment and rehabilitation strategies including incarceration, community diversion, house arrest, probation and parole, fines and other correctional programs.  3 credits.

SOCL 508. Urban and Rural Culture.

Cross-cultural examination of urban and rural culture and subcultures with emphasis on structures contributing to norm violation, poverty and mental illness. Incidence and patterns of deviant behavior in western and non-western societies will be studied.      3 credits.   

SOCL 509. Comparative Family Systems. 

A comparative analysis of family systems in cultures of varying levels of complexity. Special attention is given to family dynamics in the United States, including socialization of children, marriage rules, kinship, child discipline practices, family disorganization and family violence.  3 credits.

SOCL 510. Sociology of Criminal Law and Civil Liberties.

Investigation of the conditions for the existence of a legal system and theories of law. Problems of the enforcement of morals, analysis of legal concepts, and procedural justice will be studied in reference to individual rights and liberties.  3 credits.

SOCL 511. Ethnic and Racial Groups in the United States.

An examination of the social and cultural experience of selected ethnics and racial groups, including Irish, Italian, Black, Asian, and Hispanic minorities. Topics to be examined will be minority group status, the future of ethnic and racial relationships, and special problems presented for service providers.  3 credits.

SOCL 512. Corrections for Special Populations.

This course will focus upon the challenges that special groups pose for correctional authorities. Elderly, mentally handicapped, juveniles and female offenders, among others, will be studied.  3 credits.

SOCL 513. Demography.

An investigation into the causes of populations shifts and the implication that these changes have for service agencies. Topics to be included are: why populations relocate; the problems that these changes pose for the police, courts, and correctional and service authorities;  and how to utilize demographic data for policy making.  3 credits.

SOCL 514. Police and the Community. 

A comprehensive study of aspects of law, ethics, and custom which determine the role of the professional police officer in the community. Attention will be given to practical issues of increasing professionalism, maintenance of public image, securing public cooperation and support of enforcement, and addressing affirmative action goals.  3 credits.

SOCL 515. Juvenile Delinquency.

A study of legal and social forces which combine to produce delinquency. Prevention strategies, the roles of the police and the juvenile court as agents of social control, and rehabilitation will be stressed.  3 credits.

SOCL 516. Administration and Leadership Organizations (3).

Analysis of the structure and dynamics of bureaucratic organizations and their social environments. Emphasis will be placed upon leadership, administration and evaluation. Topics will included organizational adaptation and change, leadership succession, and productivity.  3 credits.

SOCL 517. Small Group Dynamics (3).

A study of structure and process of small groups. Cohesion, conflict, power, leadership, motivation, communication and boundary maintenance will be examined. The function of small groups in formal organizations will be studied.  3 credits.

SOCL 518. Contemporary Social Problems and Policies (3).

An examination of selected social problems facing the United States and how they affect the agencies of social service. Included will be an examination of causes of poverty, racism, sexism, homelessness, drug and alcohol abuse, environmental degradation and unemployment.  3 credits.

SOCL 519. Revolution and Terrorism.

The social structure of mass movements will be examined. Included will be the ideology and leadership of these movements and the social and economic conditions, which allow their foundation. Among the groups to be examined are: the Badder-Minhoff gang, the Red Brigades, the Weather-people, the Ku Klux Klan, and various Neo-Nazi and survivalist groups.  3 credits.

SOCL 520. Victimization.

This course will examine the victim as the neglected actor in the crime drama. The course will critique theories of victimization. Study of national victim statistics, compensation policies, and future changes in the definition of victimization will be emphasized.          3 credits.

SOCL 521. White Collar Crime.

An examination of causes and incidence of major forms of white collar crime, including embezzlement, insider information trading, illegal dumping of hazardous chemicals and other forms of corporate malfeasance. Also to be examined will be official acts of corruption including police and political corruption.  3 credits.

SOCL 522. Field Practicum.

Supervised opportunity to apply knowledge, skills and abilities within an agency setting. An original research paper is required, as well as regularly scheduled conferences with a faculty supervisor. Strongly encouraged for the student with no experience in the criminal justice field. Grading is pass/satisfactory progress/not pass.  3 credits per semester.

SOCL 523. Women and Crime.

An investigation of the topic of women and crime through the integration of theoretical and empirical information on a wide variety of issues. The course (1) discusses issues related to social control and gender, (2) addresses both theoretical and empirical research on criminal offenders and examines the place of women, and (3) discusses the victimization of women. Finally, issues surrounding women as criminal justice practitioners and advocates will be examined.  3 credits.

SOCL 524. Family Violence and the Criminal Justice System.

This course is devoted to examining issues related to the way family violence is handled in the criminal justice system. The role of police, prosecutors, judges and legislators in processing different types of family violence -- including wife abuse, husband abuse, physical child abuse, child sexual abuse, and "fetal abuse" -- will be explored and critiqued. The relationship between the criminal justice system and other family service providers such as social workers, educators, and medical personnel also will be analyzed.  3 credits.

SOCL 525. Social Policy Formulation and Implementation.

An interdisciplinary introduction to frame-works for understanding public policy formulation and implementation. Topics include an introduction to the range of social problems and public policies from the Depression era to the present; contemporary decision making processes at the federal, state, and local level; involving community groups in public policy issues; models for setting objectives and identifying benefits and costs; and agency fiduciary responsibility and budgetary processes.  3 credits.

SOCL 526. Writing in the Social Sciences.

This course is designed to teach students how to develop and write scholarly papers and professional articles. Students will learn how to effectively and efficiently conduct research for literature reviews, organize materials, and produce scholarly works including theses and papers for publication. Students also will be introduced to basic grant writing skills.  3 credits.  

SOCL 595. Special Topics.

Topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from departmental offices. May be repeated for credit when topics change.  3 credits.

SOCL 600. Thesis Research.

Study of a selected topic for the M.S. thesis under the direction of departmental advisor. Grading is Pass(P)/Satisfactory Pass(SP)/Not Pass(NP). Continuous enrollment required until completion.  3-6 credits, 6 credits required.

SOCL 699. Comprehensive Examination.

Prerequisite: 30 credit hours. Course fee - $35.00.  0 credits.