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Below, you'll find a list of all the courses we teach, along with a brief description of the content of the course.

Course Descriptions

  • General Education Courses *
  • Writing Intensive Courses WR
  • Speaking Intensive Courses SP


Anthropology 101 – Introduction to Anthropology

The origins, evolution, and present biological and cultural diversity of the human species using data from the fossil record, archaeological artifacts, the structure of languages, and behavior and world-view of people living in other cultures. 3 credits. * Fulfills General Education Goal 9 for non Anthropology Majors

Anthropology 106 – Introduction to Women’s Studies

The course will introduce students to literature in the social sciences by and about women. We will explore key roles which women play in society, how they have questioned these roles, and contributions which women make in different societies. We will read about women in our own and other societies as a way to explore these questions. 3 credits. WR Fulfills General Education Goal 8.

Anthropology 202 – Archaeology

A survey course of the techniques used to locate, survey, sample and excavate prehistoric and historic archaeological sites. The analysis of artifacts and features, typing of collection of stone tools and pottery, and case studies of well known archaeological sites from various culture areas of the world. 3 credits.

Anthropology 203 – Physical Anthropology

An analysis of prehistoric and contemporary humans as physical organisms. The study of human origins and evolution from 5 million years ago to the present. The study of variation in human populations in characteristics such as skin color, blood type, susceptibility to diseases, and adaptations to extremes of cold, heat, and altitude. 3 credits.

Anthropology 204 – Language and Culture

The analysis of language with stress on the dependence of language upon its sociological context. A survey of linguistic variability, social dialectology, language change, and ethnolinguistic analysis. 3 credits.

Anthropology 205 – Human Life in the Prehistoric World

An examination of the behavior and values likely to have been central to human groups in prehistoric times. The seminar approach will be employed with continual student dialog based on readings. Collections of stone tools and pottery shards will be analyzed in class. 3 credits.

Anthropology 280 – Archaeological Laboratory Methods

This course provides a basic introduction to archaeological laboratory methods as well as illustration. Instruction in the essential elements of any archaeological lab will provide the student with the necessary knowledge to undertake the basic organization and analysis of data recovered from an archaeological site. 3 credits.

Anthropology 296 – Field Methods in Archaeology

The skills necessary to excavate historic and prehistoric sites and to recognize and recover archaeological artifacts. The site work consists of learning the techniques of excavation, mapping, soil analysis, the recovery, washing and analysis of prehistoric stone tools and historic artifacts, and the interpretation of stratigraphy. Offered during summer session. 6 credits. SP Fulfills General Education Goal 14 for Anthropology Majors

Anthropology 314 – Indians of North America

Descriptions, comparisons, and analysis of past and present Indian cultures. Possible origins of the various North American Indian tribes will also be discussed and will be supported by the use of archaeological and linguistic data. 3 credits. WR

Anthropology 315 – South American Indians

A survey course of archaeological and ethnographic focusing on hunter-gatherer and horticulturalist Indian groups. The effects of social-cultural change in contemporary Indian life will be a major component of the course. 3 credits.

Anthropology 316 – Peoples of Africa

An analysis of the human cultures of pre-historic and contemporary Africa. Archaeological and linguistic data will be used to trace the biological and cultural relationships among contemporary African societies. 3 credits. WR

Anthropology 317 – Peoples of the Pacific

Historical and contemporary descriptions of the varieties of peoples and cultures in Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia. 3 credits. WR

Anthropology 318 - Moundbuilder Cultures of the Eastern United States

This course presents an overview of Moundbuilder cultures of the Eastern United States. The course will examine the social, political, economic and other cultural factors that led to the rise and fall of the various Moundbuilders civilizations. Students will learn about these cultures through the textbook materials as well as experientially through site visits to a cross section of archaeological sites in the Southeastern United States. 3 credits.

Anthropology 320 – Folklore

The oral techniques used in literate and non-literate cultures to pass traditions from generation to generation. The forms and functions of folktales, proverbs, curses, folk-songs, riddles, ceremonies, folk art, and games in Western and non-Western culture. 3 credits.

Anthropology 321 – Supernatural Belief Systems

An investigation of the social aspects of religion, its forms of organization, and its relationships to other institutions. 3 credits.

Anthropology 322 – Sustainability: Prehistoric, Colonial, and Contemporary Peoples on the Northern Neck of Virginia

Students will study the natural and cultural ecology of the Northern Neck focusing on variables such as prehistoric and contemporary climate, soil composition, water, and floral and faunal communities.  A key concern running throughout the course will be the cultural patterns utilized by prehistoric, colonial and contemporary human populations in this region.  3 credits.

Anthropology 325 – Gender and Society

This course provides an examination of the social construction of gender and the social organization of gender inequality, as well as an analysis of gender identity in socialization, interpersonal behavior, the family, the media, and the economy. 3 credits.

Anthropology 350 – Advanced Archaeology and Cultural Resources Management

This course provides students with in-depth exposure to advanced archaeological practices such as the development of research proposals, pre-excavation planning, excavation management, surveying methods involving a transit or theodolite, mapping, photography, and computer applications in archaeology. Students will also be involved in preparations for upcoming projects to be conducted by the Longwood Archaeology Field School. All of the techniques and methods will be considered within the framework of Cultural Resource Management laws and practices at the local, state, and federal level. Prerequisite: ANTH 202.  3 credits.

Anthropology 351 – The Archeology of England in Prehistoric, Roman, and Medieval Times

This course presents an overview of England through the eyes of archaeology and anthropology, from 5000 years before the present to 1500 AD.  The materials employed in this course include library and archival sources, archaeological artifacts, physical anthropological specimens, and examination of field excavation sites.  3 credits.

Anthropology 355 – The Community

Review of theories of community and analysis of representative community studies. 3 credits.

Anthropology 403 - Forensic Anthropology

This course presents an in-depth examination of forensic anthropological methods of recovery and interpretation of human remains. Students will develop a general knowledge and understanding of the human skeleton and skeletal evidence for determination of age, sex, stature and indications of occupational markers on the skeleton. Students will also learn to discern skeletal indications of antemortem, perimortem and postmortem trauma. Prerequisite: ANTH 203. 3 credits.

 Anthropology 410 – Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology

The methods employed by anthropologists in their gathering and analysis of material of the behavior of people living in other cultures. Methods surveyed include participant observation, analysis of speech patterns, collection of genealogies, mapping, collection of oral histories, semantic analysis and the eliciting of symbol systems. 3 credits.

Anthropology 450 – Archaeological Theory

This course provides students with detailed knowledge of both the theoretical and practical issues facing archaeologists today. By participating in seminar-style discussions students will explore a wide range of topics from the history of archaeology and the beginnings of "archaeological theory" to the most current cultural resource management practices. The course offers students the opportunity to delve into topics such as theoretical archaeology including competing schools of thought and various proponents of important ideas and concepts within the discipline. Prerequisite: 202 or ANTH 296.

Anthropology 455 – Social Change

The study of significant alterations in the organization of society and in patterns of values, norms, and behavior over time. Explores the social and economic development associated with modernization and industrialization and various sources of change found in technology, social structure, population, the environment, and cultural innovation. Prerequisite: SOCL 101 or ANTH 101 or permission of instructor. 3 credits.

Anthropology 460 – Anthropological Theory

The history of theory and models in anthropology. An overview of the intellectual "schools" which have affected research in the past and a survey of present models in anthropological thinking. 3 credits. WR

Anthropology 461 – Senior Seminar in Anthropology

A seminar for senior anthropology majors, designed to integrate knowledge of specific subfields into a comprehensive view of anthropology and its role in relation to other sciences. Open only to senior anthropology majors. 3 credits. WR and SP

Anthropology 492 – Internship in Anthropology

Directed student learning in applied settings, that permits a practiced, supervised experience. Students learn through performance in meaningful tasks in a variety of social environments. Prerequisite: 18 hours of anthropology. Student's cumulative GPA must be 2.0 or above to be eligible for internship. May be repeated. Variable credit; no more than 15 total credits may be earned. Only six credit hours of internship will earn quality points (A, B, C and D grades; all credits earned beyond six credits will be assigned Pass/Fall grades 1-15 credits. Must be arranged in advance with program director or department chair. Variable credit 1-15 hours per semester. SP  *Fulfills General Education Goal 14.

Anthropology 496 – The Organization and Execution of Archaeological Fieldwork

Advanced students with experience in basic field methods in archaeology learn the skills necessary to organize and supervise the execution of archaeological excavations. Students will serve as assistants to the Director of an ongoing excavation and will aid in the design of the field strategy, intra-site sampling techniques, site mapping, and artifact and feature plotting and recording. Offered during summer session. 6 credits.

Anthropology 497 – Fieldwork in South American Archaeology

This course is designed to expose students to the skills and methods needed to excavate prehistoric sites and to recover and analyze artifacts and features. Students will have the opportunity to work in laboratory as well as field settings. Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor. 6 credits.


Advising Resources

2011 and subsequent catalogs:

catalogs prior to 2011:

Course Rotation