Brigadier General, United States Army
Dean of the Academic Board
United States Military Academy
West Point, New York 10996-1798
1979 Juris Doctor, University of Virginia School of Law
1973 Master of Public Administration, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
1971 Bachelor of Science, United States Military Academy
Phi Kappa Phi Academic Honor Society, 2001
Order of the Coif, University of Virginia Law School, 1979
American Jurisprudence Award (Administrative Law), University of Virginia Law School, 1978
Editorial Board, University of Virginia Law Review, 1977
Distinguished Graduate, U.S. Military Academy, 1971
Academic Work Experience
Dean of the Academic Board, United States Military Academy, 2005-2010.
Chief Academic Officer responsible for the overall academic program for 4400 cadets, including supervision of the activities, programs, personnel, courses, curriculum, and methods of instruction in 13 academic departments, as well as the Jefferson Hall Library and Learning Center. Allocates budgetary resources among these organizations, coordinates selection and assignment of almost 600 military and civilian faculty members, coordinates academic schedules and instructional facilities. Additional responsibilities include long-range planning; development and coordination of academic policies, programs, and budgets; leadership in improving the quality of the curriculum; leadership in faculty recruitment and development; leadership of the Academy's research program; serving as Chair of the Real Property Planning Board; and Chairing the Athletic Committee.
- West Point ranked #1 College in the nation by Forbes Magazine.
- West Point ranked #1 Public Liberal Arts College in the nation by US News and World Reports (2nd consecutive year); also ranked as the #4 undergraduate engineering program nationally.
- West Point ranked #1 by Princeton Review for "Most Accessible Faculty" and in top 10 among national colleges and universities for best classroom experience and classroom discussions.
- Supervised and directed the largest revision of the international program (summer internships, semesters abroad, increased language immersion opportunities) in Academy history, as well as other significant curriculum revisions after 9/11 and the changing world situation.
- Completed construction, dedication, and opening of Jefferson Hall Library and Learning Center, a cutting edge academic facility (cost $65 million, opened on time and on budget).
- Oversaw a dramatic increase in faculty and cadet research.
- Supervised and oversaw highly successful ABET accreditation of engineering, information technology, and computer science programs.
- By every measure, significantly improved work environment for staff and faculty, as measured in annual Command Climate Survey (includes metrics on morale, teamwork, communication, and job satisfaction).
- Supervised and oversaw Middle States Commission on Higher Education accreditation, including Periodic Review Report; Self-Study and appointment and direction of self-study faculty chairs and committee members; oversight of the self-study; discussions with working groups; coordination of responses to evaluation team; and coordination and oversight of site visit (13-16 September 2009).
Professor and Head, Department of Law, United States Military Academy, 1999-2005.
Head of one of the 13 academic departments at West Point and member of the Academic Board. Responsible for leading, developing, and supervising a department of 15 instructors and 4 administrative personnel to provide instruction in law to the Corps of Cadets. Instruction includes a core/required course in Constitutional and Military Law as well as electives and courses designed to complete an academic major in American Legal Studies.
- Developed and implemented the first ever majors program in law at the Military Academy.
- Developed, coordinated, and implemented a comprehensive education and training program in the Law of Armed Conflict (including classroom instruction as well as practical applications during military training).
- Instituted an annual Conference on Law and Terrorism that included nationally and internationally renowned guest speakers and instructors on these critical contemporary legal issues.
- Revised and re-organized the faculty structure of the department by converting two 3-year faculty positions to permanent positions to ensure better continuity in the program and assistance in Academy governance, as well as hiring an additional civilian professor.
- Greatly increased the interdisciplinary work of the law faculty, including instruction in conjunction with five other academic departments.
- Built a tremendous team that, by every measure in the Annual Command Climate Survey - from teamwork to job satisfaction to morale - was the top academic department at West Point.
Staff Judge Advocate/General Counsel, United States Military Academy, 1998-1999.
- Principal legal advisor to the Superintendent, Dean, and the staff and faculty on the full range of legal issues at an undergraduate institution, ranging from student discipline to copyright and patents to federal legislation.
Deputy Director of Academics, The Judge Advocate General's School, 1985-1987.
- In essentially an Associate Dean position, responsible for scheduling of courses, faculty recruitment and development, student disciplinary issues, and coordination and planning for international visitors and other VIPs.
- Responsible for preparing the school for accreditation by the American Bar Association, including drafting and editing of a self-study, organizing and directing staff and faculty input and preparation, and coordinating and planning the site visit.
Associate Professor of Criminal Law, The Judge Advocate General's School, 1983-1985.
- Taught a variety of courses in criminal and constitutional law in an advanced degree program.
- Served as Publications Officer, responsible for annual deskbooks on criminal law topics as well as a variety of other department and individual scholarly publications.
Additional Work And Leadership Experience
Staff Judge Advocate/General Counsel, United States European Command, Stuttgart, Germany, 1996-1998.
- Principal legal advisor to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, on all matters pertaining to U.S. Armed Forces in Europe and Africa.
Staff Judge Advocate/General Counsel, United States Special Operations Command, Tampa, Florida, 1994-1996.
- Principal legal advisor to the Commander-in-Chief of all Special Operations forces in the United States and abroad.
Legal Advisor, Joint Special Operations Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 1991-1993.
- Principal legal advisor to the Commander and staff of special operations forces from all services.
Office of the Staff Judge Advocate, XVIII Airborne Corps, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 1988-1991.
- Served as principal deputy legal advisor to the Commander and staff, including during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.
Office of the Staff Judge Advocate, 8th Infantry Division, Bad Kreuznach, Germany, 1979-1982.
- Criminal prosecutor, later Chief of Administrative Law, later Chief Criminal Prosecutor.
Company Commander, Headquarters Company, US Army Security Agency, Warrenton, Virginia, 1975-1976.
- Responsible for the morale, welfare, safety, development, and professionalism of 350 Soldiers.
Additional Military Education
1994 U.S. Army War College
1988 U.S. Army Command and General Staff College
1983 Judge Advocate Officer Graduate Course (ABA-accredited 10 month graduate level course in law).
Defense Superior Service Medal (2 awards)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
Meritorious Service Medal (3 awards)
Army Commendation Medal
Army Achievement Medal (3 awards)
Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Humanitarian Service Medal
National Defense Service Medal
Desert Shield/Storm Campaign Ribbons (3 stars)
Kuwait Liberation Medal
Overseas Service Ribbon
Army Service Ribbon
"The 36th Kenneth J. Hodson Lecture on Criminal Law," reprinted in Volume 195, Military Law Review, Spring 2008.
"The Study of Law as a Foundation of Leadership and Command: A History of the Teaching of Law at the United States Military Academy at West Point," Volume 181, Military Law Review, Fall 2004.
"The History of Law Instruction at West Point," West Point: Two Centuries and Beyond (Lance Betros, ed.), 2004.
"Operational Law: Plan and Execute," Military Review, March-April 1996.
"Invoking the Right to Counsel: The Edwards Rule and the Military Courts," The Army Lawyer, August 1985.
"Criminal Law Note: Recent Supreme Court Decisions," The Army Lawyer, May 1985
"Pretrial Restraint and Pretrial Confinement," The Army Lawyer, March 1985.
"Significant Decision of The Court of Military Appeals: 1982-83," Military Law Review, Winter 1984 (editor and contributing author).
"The 1984 Manual for Courts-Martial: Significant Changes and Potential Issues," The Army Lawyer, July 1984 (editor and contributing author).
"Connecting Defendants to Conspiracies: The Slight Evidence Rule and the Federal Courts," 64 Virginia Law Review 881, 1982.
"The Sixtieth Anniversary of the Geneva Conventions: Lessons Learned for the United States", address at the Library of Congress, Washington, DC, scheduled December 2009.
"The Global War on Terror and Beyond," address to the 65th Infantry Division Reunion, West Point, NY, August 2009.
"The US Military and the Law of Armed Conflict, Including a Perspective on Torture," keynote address, Exploring Humanitarian Law Summer Institute, American Red Cross, Washington, DC, July 2009.
"Teaching and Developing Leaders," address to US Commerce Department executive leaders, Washington DC, December 2008.
"The Rule of Law, the Military, and Torture," address at Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg, Germany, November 2008.
"The Presidential Election and the United States Military," address at Eton College, London, England, November 2008.
"Teaching, Research, and Education at Modern West Point," Keynote Address, Army Research Lab Symposium, Atlantic City, NJ, October 2008.
"Developing and Educating Leaders for the War on Terror," Keynote Address, FBI Regional Conference for North American Law Enforcement Agencies, West Point, NY, August 2008.
"Teaching the Law of Armed Conflict," Panel Member, Exploring Humanitarian Law Summer Institute, American Red Cross, Washington, DC, July 2008.
"The 36th Annual Kenneth J. Hodson Lecture on Criminal Law," address at The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School, Charlottesville, VA, March 2008.
"Torture and Terrorism: A Military View," Panel Member, Library of Congress, Washington, DC, July 2007.
"The Academic Faculty and the Athletic Department: Working Together for Student-Athletes," address to National Association of Collegiate Athletic Directors, Orlando, FL, June 2007.
"Educating, Training, and Inspiring Leaders of Character," addresses to New York State Senate and New York General Assembly, April 2007 and April 2008.
"Abu Ghraib, Military Values, and the Law of War," address at Human Rights Week, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, March 2005.
"Meeting Terrorism: Military Approaches, New and Old," Commentator, Society for Military History Conference, Charleston, SC, February 2005.
"Integrity and Education," keynote address at Senior Week, King's College, PA, May 2004.
"The True Meaning of Honor," keynote address at Spring Honor Conference, USMA, April 2004.
"Legal Issues in the War on Terror," opening address at the Law and Terrorism Conference, USMA, April 2004.
"Law of War: Obedience to Orders and Responsibility of the Commander," class presented at Georgetown Law School, February 2004.
"Terrorism: Legal Issues and the Law of War," paper presented to Virginia Bar Association Annual Conference, Virginia Beach, VA, June 2003.
"The Military's Role in Fighting Domestic Terrorism: Should We Amend the Posse Comitatus Act?," paper presented at Society for Military History 2003 Conference, Knoxville, TN, May 2003.
"Law of War: Assassination and Torture," class presented at Georgetown Law School, March 2003.
"Integrity, Education, and Military Service," keynote speech at Phi Kappa Phi Academic Honor Society Induction Ceremony, USMA, April 2001.
"Managing a High-Profile Case: Legal Issues Involved in the EA-6B Aircraft Accident at Cavalese, Italy," paper presented at The Judge Advocate General's Continuing Legal Education Conference, October 1999 and at The Judge Advocate General's School Course in Managing High Profile Cases, May 1999.
"Low Intensity Conflict, the Law of Armed Conflict, and Human Rights," paper presented and case study discussion led at Swiss Seminar on the Law of Armed Conflict, Geneva, Switzerland, October 1999, October 1998, and October 1997.
"Joint and Combined Legal Issues in Operations in Bosnia," class presented to The Judge Advocate General's Continuing Legal Education Conference," Charlottesville, VA, October 1997.
"The Rule of Law and the Role of the Military in a Democratic Society," lecture presented at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch, Germany, September 1997, February 1997, and August 1996. Also led three seminars each week on similar topic as well as Law of War and International Law, and taught class on International Agreements.
"The Use of the Military in a Non-Traditional Role (Operation HAWKEYE)," paper presented at U.S. Pacific Command Legal Conference, Canberra, Australia, March 1996.
"The Aftermath of Waco: Lessons Learned for Military Lawyers," paper presented at U.S. Special Operations Command Legal Conference, MacDill AFB, FL, February 1996.