"Longwood will not tolerate sexual misconduct in any form, whether by a stranger or by an acquaintance, whether against females or males."
Sexual Misconduct is a term that encompasses any sexual behaviors that violates Longwood University’s Code of Conduct and University Policies. In general, any non-consensual contact of a sexual nature may constitute Sexual Misconduct. Sexual Misconduct may vary in its severity and consists of a range of behaviors or attempted behaviors that may be grounds for student conduct action under University policy.
The following policy definitions apply:
1. Consent: Effective consent is the basis of the analysis applied to unwelcome sexual contact. Lack of consent is the critical factor in any incident of sexual misconduct and sexual violence. Consent is informed, freely and actively given and requires clear communication between all persons involved in the sexual encounter. Consent is active, not passive. Consent can be communicated verbally or by actions. But in whatever way consent is communicated, it must be mutually understandable. Silence, in and of itself, cannot be interpreted as consent. It is the responsibility of the initiator of sexual contact to make sure they understand fully what the person with whom they are involved wants and does not want sexually. Consent to one form of sexual activity does not imply consent to other forms of sexual activity. Previous relationships or consent does not imply consent to future sexual acts.
Consent cannot be procured by use of physical force, compelling threats, intimidating behavior, or coercion. Coercion is unreasonable pressure for sexual activity. Coercive behavior differs from seductive behavior based on the type of pressure someone uses to get consent from another. Effective consent cannot be given by minors, mentally disabled individuals or persons incapacitated as a result of drugs or alcohol. If a person is mentally or physically incapacitated or impaired so that such person cannot understand the fact, nature or extent of the sexual situation or activity, there is no consent; this includes impairment or incapacitation due to voluntary alcohol or drug consumption by the alleged victim, or being asleep or unconscious. Incapacitation is a state where one cannot make a rational, reasonable decision because they lack the ability to understand the who, what, when, where, why or how of their sexual interaction. Use of alcohol or other drugs will never function to excuse behavior that violates this policy.
This policy also covers someone whose incapacity results from mental disability, sleep, involuntary physical restraint, or from the taking of a so‐called "date‐rape" drug. Possession, use and/or distribution of any of these substances, including Rohypnol, Ketomine, GHB, Burundanga, etc. is prohibited, and administering one of these drugs to another student for the purpose of inducing incapacity is a violation of this policy.
2. Sexual activity includes intentional contact with the breasts, buttock, groin, or genitals, or touching another with any of these body parts, or making another touch oneself or themselves with or on any of these body parts; any intentional bodily contact in a sexual manner, though not involving contact with/of/by breasts, buttocks, groin, genitals, mouth or other orifice. Intercourse however slight, meaning vaginal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger; anal penetration by a penis, object, tongue; or finger, and oral copulation (mouth to genital contact or genital to mouth contact).
3. Sexual Discrimination: includes all forms of: sexual harassment, sexual assault, and sexual violence by employees, students, or third parties against employees, students, or third parties. Students, University employees, and third parties are prohibited from harassing other students and/or employees whether or not the incidents of harassment occur on the Longwood campus and whether or not the incidents occur during working hours.
4. Unwelcome sexual contact: includes touching either of the complainant or when the complainant is forced to touch another person's body, directly or through clothing.
5. Coerced sexual intercourse: includes rape, attempted rape, sodomy, or other sexual acts or misconduct; or when the complainant is incapable of consent by reason of age, mental incapacity (including unwitting consumption of drugs), or physical helplessness.
6. Sexual Exploitation: Sexual Exploitation occurs when a student takes non‐consensual or abusive sexual advantage of another for his/her own advantage or benefit, or to benefit or advantage anyone other than the one being exploited, and that behavior does not otherwise constitute one of the other sexual misconduct offenses. Examples of sexual exploitation include, but are not limited to:
a. prostituting another student;
b. non‐consensual video or audio‐taping of sexual activity;
c. going beyond the boundaries of consent (such as allowing friends to hide in a closet to watch you having consensual sex);
d. engaging in voyeuristic behavior;
e. knowingly transmitting an STD or HIV to another.
7. Sexual Harassment: Sexual harassment is unwanted sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or visual, verbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature when: (1) submission to such conduct is made a term or condition of employment or the educational relationship; (2) submission to or rejection of such conduct is used as a basis for employment or education decisions affecting the individual; or (3) such conduct has the effect of unreasonably interfering with a student’s or employee’s work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working, educational, or living environment. While sexual harassment encompasses a wide range of conduct, some examples of specifically prohibited conduct include:
a. Promising, directly or indirectly, a student or employee a reward, if the student or employee complies with a sexually oriented request.
b. Threatening, directly or indirectly, retaliation against a student or an employee, if the student or employee refuses to comply with a sexually oriented request.
c. Denying, directly or indirectly, a student or employee an employment or education related opportunity, if the student or employee refuses to comply with a sexually oriented request. Engaging in sexually suggestive conversation or physical contact or touching another student or employee.
d. Displaying pornographic or sexually oriented materials.
e. Engaging in indecent exposure.
f. Making sexual or romantic advances toward a student or employee and persisting despite the student or employee’s rejection of the advances.
g. Physical conduct such as assault, touching, or blocking normal movement.
h. Retaliation for making harassment reports or threatening to report harassment.
Sexual harassment can involve males or females being harassed by members of either sex. Although sexual harassment sometimes involves a person in a greater position of authority as the harasser, individuals in positions of lesser or equal authority also can be found responsible for engaging in prohibited harassment.
Sexual harassment can be physical and/or psychological in nature. The accumulative effect of a series of incidents can constitute sexual harassment even if one of the incidents considered separately would not rise to the level of harassment.
8. Intimate Partner Violence: Intimate partners are individuals in, or formerly in, an intimate relationship with each other. An intimate relationship involves physical or emotional intimacy. Physical intimacy is characterized by romantic or passionate attachment or sexual activity. Intimate partner violence is abuse or violence between partners or former partners, characterized by one or more of the following elements:
a. Intentionally causing bodily injury;
b. Purposely or knowingly causing reasonable apprehension of bodily injury;
c. Emotional abuse creating apprehension of bodily injury or property damage;
d. Repeated telephonic, electronic, or other forms of communication -- anonymously or directly -- made with the intent to intimidate, terrify, harass, or threaten;
9. Stalking: includes repeatedly following, harassing, threatening, or intimidating another by telephone, mail, electronic communication, social media, or any other action, device or method that purposely or knowingly causes emotional distress or apprehension of bodily injury or death. Stalking is a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for her, his, or others’ safety or to suffer substantial emotional distress.