PHED 212
Lifeguard Training
Fall 2009

Instructor: Dr. Sarah Bingham
Email: binghamsm@longwood.edu    Office: Lancer 112
Office Phone: 395-2549                  Office Hours: MWF10:30-11:30; TR 9:30-10:30 and by appointment
Class Meeting Time: MW 3:00-4:15

Course Description: Course emphasis is on knowledge and skills necessary to prevent and respond to aquatic emergencies.  The content of the course prepares lifeguard candidates to recognize emergencies, respond quickly, and effectively to emergencies, and prevent drowning and other incidents.  Successful completion of this course leads to Lifeguarding and CPR for the Professional Rescuer certification through the American Red Cross.

Prerequisites: Students must pass a pre-course skill test on swimming which includes: 1. a 300 meter swim in the following order 100 crawl stroke, 100 breaststroke, and 100 of either crawl,  breaststroke, or a combination of both. 2. Swim 20 meters , surface dive, recover a 10# brick, and swim back to the starting point while holding the brick in both hands within 1:40 s.

Required Text: The American National Red Cross. (2007). Lifeguarding Manual. Boston: Staywell.

Required Course Materials: Bathing suit, goggles, and pocket mask.
http://blackboard.longwood.edu/
http://www.emtb.com/  Click on the First Responder textbook.  Students can access interactive skills through on-line chapter pretests, glossaries, etc.  This is an excellent supplement to our course.
Rec Swim Hours for Fall 2009

Course Objectives
Skills: Demonstrated outcomes of learning essential to a beginning life guard.  As a result of reading, pool skill practice and the assignments, you will be able to:
1. Demonstrate the ability to save his/her own life while in the water.

2. Demonstrate an awareness of the common hazards associated with aquatic facilities and develop the knowledge and skill to eliminate or minimize these hazards.

3. Develop the skills necessary to recognize a person in a distressed or drowning situation and to effectively rescue that person.

4. Demonstrate a successful rescue of a passive victim.

5. Demonstrate a successful rescue of an active victim.

6. Demonstrate a successful rescue of multiple victims.

7. Demonstrate a successful rescue of a submerged victim.

8. Demonstrate an effective front head hold escape.

9. Demonstrate an effective rear head hold escape.

10. Demonstrate a successful rescue using a two person lift from the pool.

11. Demonstrate a successful rescue of using a head chin support.

12. Demonstrate a successful rescue using shallow water back boarding.

13. Demonstrate a successful rescue using deep water back boarding.

14. Demonstrate control of bleeding.

15. Demonstrate immobilizing musculoskeletal injuries.

16. Successfully complete the skill scenarios: CPR/AED, First Aid, & In-water skills.

17. Demonstrate an awareness of the responsibilities of a lifeguard.

18. Develop speed, endurance, and technique in swimming and Lifeguarding skills.

19. Develop a strategy to keep your knowledge and skills current in Lifeguarding.

20. Swim 400 meters in 10:40 minutes or less.

21. Recover a brick from a 25 meter swim in 1:40 or less.

22. Pass the three sections lifeguard training written exam at 80%.

Dispositions: Fundamental attitudes, beliefs, and assumptions about Lifeguarding and emergency care which underlie the professional and ethical bases for practice.  As a result of the class discussions, readings, and assignments, you:
1. Are committed to serving as a role model. 

2. Are committed to continuous learning about emergency care knowledge.

3. Believe that the safety of yourself, colleagues, and victims is the first priority.

4. Are committed to on-going self-reflection, assessment, and learning. 

5. Value civic duty, believe one can make a difference and have a positive attitude.

6. Adhere to professional ethics including honesty and confidentiality.

7. Appreciate diversity and people of varied cultures, abilities, races, and economic levels.

8. Are service focused and respect people as valued human beings.

Assessment of Objectives/Competencies:

         Competencies 1-17, and 23 will be assessed through use of checklists.

         Competency 18 will be assessed through completion of workouts.

         Competencies 22 will be standardized multiple-choice exams.

         Competency 16 will be practical skill scenarios using rubrics.


Tentative Class Schedule:

Class time will be divided as follows:

         Discussions of material including mini lectures, videos, demonstrations, & water skill practice.

         water skills practice in the pool on Tuesdays

         conditioning workouts both in and out of class

         class time spent in the classroom on Thursdays will include discussions, videos, & skill practice

Week 1              Overview, Precourse Testing
August 24-28 READ course syllabus
                               T: Screening test & class introduction-pool
                         R: Stroke review, rotary kick & workout-pool 
                              
Week 2   
        READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter 1
August 30-Sept. 4   T: Workout due-Entries & Approaches, treading water
                               R:  In classroom-Professional guarding, legal considerations Preventing injuries, weather conditions
                               DUE: FIND Model Worksheet & Legal Considerations Worksheet
                           

Week 3         READ: Lifeguard Training  Chapter
September 7-11      T: No Class Meeting-go to a rec swim & Time 400 meter swim: turn in time with your name on it on 9/10
                               R:  Meet in Willett Pool

Week 4         READ: Lifeguard Training Chapters 3
 September 14-18 T: Workout due-Victim recognition & surveillance
                             R: In classroom-Rotation & zone coverage DUE: Rules & Regulations Worksheet

Week 5        READ: Lifeguard Training  Chapter 4
 September 21-25  T: Workout due-Assists, active drowning rescue DUE: Weather Worksheet
                              R: In classroom-Emergency Action Plans

Week 6         READ: Lifeguard Training  Chapter 5
September 14-18   T: Workout due-Passive victim rescue, 2-person removal from water DUE: Fact or Fiction Worksheet
                              R: In classroom-Exam Chapters 1-4

Week 7         READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter 6
Sept. 28-Oct.9     T: Workout due-Feet first surface dive, Passive victim rescue, Timed 400 meter swim
                            R: In classroom-Initial assessment, emergency moves Must bring a pocket mask to class

Week 8          READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter
October 14-16  Fall Break October 12-13, 2009
                          R:  In classroom-Rescue breathing

Week 9          READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter 
October 19-23  T: Workout due-In classroom-obstructed airways, recognizing a heart attack
                         R: In classroom- CPR

Week 10       READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter 
October 26-30  T: Workout due-In classroom-Two-person CPR, AED
                          R: In classroom-CPR/AED Practical Skill Assessment

Week 11       READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter 
November 2-6 T: Workout due-In classroom-Exam Chapters 6-8
                            R: In classroom-Secondary assessment, sudden illness, bleeding, shock

Week 12        READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter 
November 9-13 T: Workout due-In classroom-heat & cold emergencies, splinting
                          R: In classroom-FA Practical Skill Assessment

Week 13       READ: Lifeguard Training Chapter
November 16-20 T: In pool-Neck & back injuries, in-line stabilization
                            R: In pool-Back boarding

Week 14

November 23-24    T: In pool-Back boarding, review rescues, Timed 400 meter swim

Thanksgiving Holiday November 25-27, 2009

Week 15
 Nov. 30-Dec. 4  T & R: In pool-Final Skills Scenarios Testing

Final Examination:  Exam Chapters 9-11 Tuesday, December 8,, 2009 at 3:00 p.m

Certification Requirements:
1. A final grade of C or better.
2. A grade of C or better is required on all skill tests.
3. A minimum score of 80% on the final exam.
4. Current certification in first aid and CPR.

Upon successful completion of this course, you will receive two cards-Lifeguarding and CPR-PR.  To receive your cards, you must give me a stamped self-addressed envelop for cards to be mailed to you.

Course Requirements:
Workouts
Practical skills in rescue skills
Practical skills in first aid
Practical skills in CPR


1. Exams
Practical Skill Exams-water               30
400 meter timed swim                       10
Practical skill exam-AED/CPR          25
Practical skill exam-FA                     25
Three written exams                          75

2. Required Class Activities
Workouts (11 X 3)                           33
Worksheets (5 X 5)                          25

Final grades will be assigned according to the following scale:
A 90% of points        B 80% of points
C 70% of points        D 60% of points


Accommodation of Special Needs: In accordance with University policy, I make every effort to accommodate unique and special needs of students with respect to speech, hearing, vision, seating, or other disabilities.  Please notify Disability Support Services as soon as possible of requested accommodations.

Attendance Policy:
Attendance at all classes is expected as a part of your professional behaviors. As a student of a public institution, you  are not paying for the full cost of your education. The cost is being shared by many taxpayers. Some of these taxpayers do not have the opportunity to attend college and would never reap the benefits that an education can provide. And, some of them are not financially able to send their own children to college. Yet, their hard earned income is used to send others to school. So, students at a public institution have an obligation to the citizens of their state to attend classes, learn as much as possible, and do things that boost productivity and that benefit society.  University guidelines will be followed absent 25% = failure in course. Students are expected to attend all class sessions and to be ON TIME to class as it demonstrates responsibility and dependability. Unexcused absences and tardiness demonstrate lack of responsibility and dependability. In the event a student has a legitimate reason for an absence or lateness to class he or she must make arrangements prior to class by notifying the instructor through a means listed on the first page of this syllabus or speaking with the instructor in advance for the absence.  All assigned work is due at the start of class on the day specified.  If you are unable to submit an assignment on the assigned date, arrangements must be made PRIOR to the class.  Missed work can be made-up only for excused absences. 

Honor Code: The importance of the college community adhering to an Honor Code and to the highest standards of integrity can not be overstated. Students are deemed honorable unless their conduct proves otherwise. As members of the institution and community, you are expected to live by the Honor Code and pledge all class work.

Class Participation:  Students are encouraged to participate in class discussions and to demonstrate competency in the affective domain by being prompt to class, assisting with equipment, assisting each other, being self-directed, and showing an appreciation for aquatic safety through application of safety principles while in class.

Written Examinations: Three written exams will be given to assess the student's knowledge of assigned class readings, videos, and, in-class discussions. Students must have a minimum grade of 80% to be certified by the American Red Cross.

Practical Exams: Students will be tested on the following swimming skill:
Students must demonstrate the following skills: 
             1. Stride jump with rescue tube 
             2. Compact jump w/ rescue tube 
             3.
Slide in water entry 
             4. Front crawl approach w/ rescue tube 
             5. Breast stroke approach w/ rescue tube 
             6.
Feet first surface dive 
             7. Extension assist from the deck   
             8. Swimming extension assist 
             9.
Passive victim rear rescue 
            10. Active victim rear rescue 
            11. Multiple victim rescue 
            12. Submerged victim rescue 
            13. One person lift 
            14. Two person lift 
            15. Head & chin support- spinal injury 
            16. Head & chin support - submerged victim 
            17. Head splint - shallow water 
            18. Head splint - deep water 
            19. Shallow water back boarding 
            20.
Deep water back boarding 
            21.
Tread water w/ brick for 1 minute 
            22. Shallow dive 25 meter approach in 18 seconds or less 
            23.
400 meter swim in 10:46 minutes or less

 3.  CPR/AED & First aid skills test - Students must demonstrate the following skills: 
             1. CPR/AED -infant, child, adult w/mask 
             2. Patient assessment 
             3.
Bleeding control 
             4. Splinting  
             5.
In-line stabilization on land

 4
.
  Lifeguarding written exams - Standardized American Red Cross test on CPR/AED, First Aid, & lifeguard training.  To receive Lifeguarding certification, a minimum score of 80% must be achieved on each exam.

Bibliography

 Other references:
 The American National Red Cross. (1995).  Head Lifeguard  St. Louis: Mosby Lifeline.

 Ellis, J., & White, J. (1994).  National Pool and Waterpark Lifeguard/CPR Training  Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.