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English & Modern Languages

Rhonda Brock-Servais, Chair
Lisa Seamster, Secretary

ENGLISH PROGRAM

The English program of the Department of English and Modern Languages offers courses leading to the BA and MA degrees.

Every attempt has been made to state the major and minor requirements as clearly as possible. However, we recommend that every student majoring or minoring in the program maintain close communication with the academic advisor assigned by the department in order to plan a program suited to the student's needs.

NOTE: The department does not guarantee that all courses listed will be offered every year.

Assessment

The Department requires student outcomes assessment testing prior to graduation.

Faculty

Susan L. Booker, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Rhonda Brock-Servais, PhD, Associate Professor of English
Don Butler, MA, Lecturer in English
Mary Carroll-Hackett, MFA, Assistant Professor of English
Craig A. Challender, PhD, Professor of English
Martha E. Cook, PhD, Professor of English
Steven Faulkner, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Esther Godfrey, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Laura Golden, MA, Lecturer in English
Chene Heady, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Brett Hursey, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Heather Lettner-Rust, MA, Lecturer in English
Michael C. Lund, PhD, Professor of English
Robert L. Lynch, Jr., PhD, Associate Professor of English
Chris McGee, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Carmen Phelps, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
William Plain, MA, Lecturer in English
Wayne Robbins, MA, Lecturer in English
Russell Schweller, PhD, Lecturer in English
Jennifer Sheeler, MA, Lecturer in English
Shawn Smith, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Gena Southall, EdD, Assistant Professor of English
Derek Taylor, PhD, Associate Professor of English
Larissa Tracy, PhD, Assistant Professor of English
Gordon Van Ness, PhD, Professor of English
Kristen D. Welch, PhD, Assistant Professor of English

The major in English requires a minimum of 39 hours of coursework in the discipline. Graduates from the program enter a variety of careers requiring skill in communication; research; and the analysis or production of texts, including teaching, journalism, law, publishing, creative writing, technical writing, and business management. The relatively low number of required hours for the major gives students flexibility either to develop further their background in writing and literature further or to add expertise in a related field. The concentration in Creative Writing requires an additional 25 hours of coursework and a portfolio; the concentration in Rhetoric and Professional Writing requires an additional 24 hours of coursework.

 Majors seeking licensure for teaching secondary English should add to the major requirements ENGL 350, 381, 382, 479, and 480. In addition, they must be formally admitted to the Education Department and should therefore complete EDUC 245 and EDUC 260 and pass the Praxis 1 examination preferably during their freshman year. They also need to join a professional organization, S-LATE (Students of Longwood Association of Teachers of English). Before being admitted for student teaching, teaching candidates should complete the required education courses and all required major courses and maintain a minimum of 2.5 GPA cumulatively and in the major. Finally, students must complete before graduation the Praxis 2 examination, the VCLA (Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment), and student teaching.

 In addition to the English major, the concentrations in Rhetoric and Professional Writing and Creative Writing, and secondary licensure, the department offers a minor in English, a minor in Professional Writing, and a minor in Creative Writing.

ENGLISH MAJOR, BA DEGREE

A. General Education Core Requirements/41 credits
See General Education Requirements
The Department requires PHIL 308, 315, or 316 for the satisfaction of Goal 13.
ENGL 201, World Literature, will satisfy Goal 3 and is required for Secondary Teaching Licensure in English.

B. Additional Degree Requirements/6 credits
See Additional Degree Requirements for Bachelor of Arts

C. Major Requirements/39 credits (plus 1 credit included in General Education)
ENGL 209 Introduction to Literary Analysis/3 credits
ENGL 325 British Literature: Medieval to Renaissance/3 credits
ENGL 326 British Literature: Restoration to Romanticism/3 credits
ENGL 327 British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary/3 credits
ENGL 335 American Literature: Colonial to Realism/3 credits
ENGL 336 American Literature: Naturalism to Contemporary/3 credits
ENGL 365 Shakespeare/3 credits
One 300- or 400-level course in a literature of diversity/3 credits
Literature of diversity-a literature that has been historically marginalized or underrepresented, such as ethnic literature, queer studies, postcolonial literature, or women's literature (ENGL 362, 441, 432, 443, and other 300- and 400-level courses that fall into the categories described above, subject to the approval of the department chair)
Three 400-level courses (ENGL 411-452, 470, 490, 495, 498)/9 credits
ENGL 461 Literary Criticism: Senior Seminar/3 credits
Three elective credits. May be satisfied with any 300-400 level English course/3 credits
Note: Students in the Creative Writing concentration
should choose from the following to satisfy these three elective credits: ENGL 350 Linguistics/3 credits or ENGL 382 Traditional and Modern Grammar/3 credits
Additional Note: Students in the Creative Writing concentration who also desire secondary licensure should contact the English Education director at the beginning of their program for additional requirements and help scheduling credits.
A minimum of one hour from ONE of the following:
(satisfies General Education Goal 15)
EDUC 370 Practicum I /1 credit
ENGL 482 Directed Teaching in the Secondary Classroom/ 1 credit
ENGL 490 Independent Study/ 1 credit
ENGL 492 Internship/ 1 credit
ENGL 498 Honors Research in English/ 1 credit

D. Secondary Teaching Licensure, grades 6-12/50 credits (plus 3 credits included in General Education)

Additional requirements for English:
ENGL 201 World Literature/3 credits (will satisfy General Education Goal 3)
ENGL 350 Linguistics/3 credits
ENGL 381 Literature for Young Adults/3 credits
ENGL 382 Traditional and Modern Grammar/3 credits
ENGL 479 Writing: Theory and Practice for the Middle, Secondary, and College Classroom/ 3 credits
ENGL 480 The Teaching of English/4 credits
EDUC 245 Human Growth and Development/3 credits
EDUC 260 Introduction to the Teaching Profession/2 credits
EDUC 380 Classroom Assessment/2 credits*
EDUC 381 Media and Technology/1 credit
EDUC 430 Teaching Reading in the Content Area/2 credits
EDUC 487 Classroom Management and Systems/3 credits
SPED 489 Survey of Exceptional Children/3 credits

*Students must be admitted to the Teacher Preparation program before they will be permitted to enroll in any subsequent 300-400 level EDUC courses.

For endorsements to teach journalism, theatre, economics, geography, history or political science, or ESL, see these fields.

Practica:
Take in First Summer School Session at end of sophomore or junior year:
EDUC 370 Practicum II (middle school or secondary level)/3 credits
Take in First Semester of Senior Year in conjunction with ENGL 480:
EDUC 473 Inquiry into Classroom Community/3 credits

Professional Semester:
ENGL 482 Directed Teaching in the Secondary Classroom/11 credits
EDUC 488 Education Seminar/1 credit

E. General Electives for BA in English without secondary teaching licensure/34 credits

F. Creative Writing Concentration Requirements/25 credit hours and a senior portfolio


Required Professional Courses for all Creative Writing tracks/4 credits
ENGL 485 Practical Issues for the Working Writer/1 credit
Choose one of the following:
ENGL 479 Writing: Theory and Practice for the Middle, Secondary, and College Classroom/3 credits
ENGL 470 Professional Writing/3 credits

Literature Core Requirements/6 credits
Choose two courses from the following:
ENGL 356 The Art of Film I/3 credits
ENGL 357 The Art of Film II/3 credits
ENGL 358 Women and Film/3 credits
ENGL 360 Genre Studies/3 credits
ENGL 361 Literature of Places and Spaces/3 credits
ENGL 362 Literature of Diversity/3 credits
ENGL 380 Children's Literature/3 credits
ENGL 381 Literature for Young Adults/3 credits
ENGL 411 Epic/3 credits
ENGL 412 Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 413 The Novel/3 credits
ENGL 414 The Short Story/3 credits
ENGL 415 Drama/3 credits
ENGL 421, 422 Major Figures in Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 423, 424 Major Figures in Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 425 Shakespeare/3 credits
ENGL 431 Arthurian Literature/3 credits
ENGL 432 Women and Literature/3 credits
ENGL 442 Regional Literature/3 credits
ENGL 443 Postcolonial Literature/3 credits
ENGL 444 Literature and Culture/3 credits
ENGL 445 Studies in Children's Literature/3 credits
ENGL 451 Continental Literature I/3 credits
ENGL 452 Continental Literature II/3 credits
ENGL 495 Special Topics/3 credits

Writing Core Requirements (5 workshop courses)/15 credit hours
Notes:
All writing core courses must be workshop courses. One introductory course must be in the primary genre; at least two additional introductory workshops should be in disparate genres, e.g. fiction writers should take a non-prose course, preferably poetry or dramatic writing, rather than creative nonfiction.

Prerequisite: The introductory workshop in a specific genre must be completed for entrance into the advanced level workshop.

One advanced workshop outside the student's primary genre is required.

The flexible six credits required after completion of core nine must be outside the student's primary genre, e.g., prose writers must take poetry and drama; poets must take prose and drama.

Choose from the following tracks:

Poetry Track
Required Core Courses/9 credit hours
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 477 Advanced Poetry Writing (will be repeated once for credit)/6 credits
Choose from the following, including at least one advanced workshop/6 credits
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 475 Advanced Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 476 Advanced Fiction Writing/3 credits
ENGL 478 Advanced Creative Nonfiction Writing/3 credits

Fiction Track
Required Core Courses/9 credit hours
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 476 Advanced Fiction Writing (will be repeated once for credit)/6 credits
Choose from the following, including at least one advanced workshop/6 credits
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 475 Advanced Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 477 Advanced Poetry Writing/3 credits
ENGL 478 Advanced Creative Nonfiction Writing/3 credits

Creative Nonfiction Track
Required Core Courses/9 credit hours
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 478 Advanced Creative Nonfiction Writing (will be repeated once for credit)/6 credits
Choose from the following, including at least one advanced workshop/6 credits
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 475 Advanced Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 476 Advanced Fiction Writing/3 credits
ENGL 477 Advanced Poetry Writing/3 credits

Dramatic Writing Track
Required Core Courses/9 credit hours
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 475 Advanced Dramatic Writing (will be repeated once for credit)/6 credits
Choose from the following, including at least one advanced workshop/6 credits
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction
ENGL 476 Advanced Fiction Writing
ENGL 477 Advanced Poetry Writing/3 credits
ENGL 478 Advanced Creative Nonfiction Writing/3 credits

Concentration Portfolio:
Students must submit a final portfolio before official completion of the concentration will be granted. Specific requirements for the portfolio are as follows:

Portfolio Contents:
A. Examples of the student's beginning body of work from workshop courses: two in primary genre, one in another genre. One piece from primary genre should include drafts, illustrating process and revision practices.
B. A personal narrative examining their own "writing and reading life."

Portfolio Length Requirements:
Poetry--20 pages; Prose--30 pages; Combination of Poetry and Prose--25 pages; Play or Screenplay--40 pages; Combination of Drama and Poetry--30 pages; Combination of Drama and Prose--40 pages

Portfolio Narrative Requirements:
Five double-spaced pages addressing (1) how their reading life led them to writing; (2) writers the student considers to have had an impact on their own work and how; (3) elements of their writing that have improved through their reading and writing, including specific craft examples; (4) elements of their writing that provide the most challenge and how they go about revising to address these elements, and (5) what, if any, plans they have to continue their writing life.

Portfolio completion:
Student will submit three copies of a completed portfolio to the Director of Creative Writing, who will then pass copies on to be read and approved by a minimum of three departmental faculty members. Two of these readers will be assigned members of the Creative Writing faculty, while the third--chosen by the student--may be from any concentration in the department. With signatures from at least two of the three readers, the portfolio will be considered approved and the concentration completed.

G. Rhetoric and Professional Writing Concentration Requirements/24 credits

ENGL 210 Introduction to Journalism/3 credits
ENGL 301 Rhetorical Criticism/3 credits
ENGL 302 History of Rhetoric/3 credits
ENGL 318 Creative Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 319 Technical Writing/3 credits
ENGL 350 Introduction to Linguistics/3 credits
ENGL 470 Professional Writing and Edition/3 credits
ENGL 492 Internship in Rhetoric/Professional Writing/3 credits

H. Total Credits Required for BA in English/120
Total Credits Required for BA in English/Creative Writing Concentration/120
Total Credits Required for BA in English with Secondary Teaching Endorsement/136
Total Credits Required for BA in English/Rhetoric and Professional Writing Concentration/120

MINORS

MINOR IN ENGLISH/18 credits

ENGL 209 Introduction to Literary Analysis/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
ENGL 325 British Literature: Medieval to Renaissance/3 credits
ENGL 326 British Literature: Restoration to Romanticism/3 credits
ENGL 335 American Literature: Colonial to Realism/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
ENGL 327 British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary/3 credits
ENGL 336 American Literature: Naturalism to Contemporary/3 credits
One 400-level course/3 credits
English electives, 200-level* and above/9 credits

*Note: ENGL 201, 202, 203, and 400 are designed to fulfill General Education Goals. These courses may not be used as English electives for the English minor or to fulfill degree requirements for Humanities courses.

MINOR IN PROFESSIONAL WRITING/18 credits
ENGL 210 Introduction to Journalism/3 credits
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 319 Technical Writing/3 credits
ENGL 350 Linguistics/3 credits
ENGL 470 Professional Writing and Editing/3 credits
Journalism and Professional Writing electives/3 credits must be selected from the following:
ART 221 Graphic Design I/3 credits
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 382 Traditional and Modern English Grammar/3 credits
ENGL 478 Advanced Creative Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 492 Internship in Professional Writing/3 credits

MINOR IN CREATIVE WRITING/22 credits and a minor portfolio
Required Course/3 credits
ENGL 209 Introduction to Literary Analysis/3 credits
Literature Core Requirements/6 credits
ENGL 327 British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary/3 credits
ENGL 336 American Literature: Naturalism to Contemporary/3 credits
Literature elective must be selected from the following/3 credits
ENGL 356 The Art of Film I/3 credits
ENGL 357 The Art of Film II/3 credits
ENGL 358 Women and Film/3 credits
ENGL 360 Genre Studies/3 credits
ENGL 361 Literature of Places and Spaces/3 credits
ENGL 380 Children's Literature/3 credits
ENGL 362 Literature of Diversity/3 credits
ENGL 412 Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 414 The Short Story/3 credits
ENGL 415 Drama/3 credits
ENGL 431 Women and Literature/3 credits
ENGL 442 Regional Literature/3 credits
ENGL 443 Postcolonial Literature/3 credits
ENGL 444 Literature and Culture/3 credits
Writing Core Requirements/9 credits
6 credit hours (2 courses) in introductory level workshops
3 credit hours (1 course) in advanced level workshop
Required Course for all Tracks/1 credit
ENGL 485 Practical Issues for the Working Writer/1 credit
Note: All writing core courses must be workshop courses. One introductory course must be in the primary genre; the additional introductory workshop should be in a disparate genre, e.g. fiction writers should take a non-prose course--preferably poetry or dramatic writing, rather than creative nonfiction.

Choose from the following tracks:

Poetry Track

Required Core Courses:
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry/3 credits
ENGL 477 Advanced Poetry Writing/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits

Fiction Track
Required Core Courses:
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction/ 3 credits
ENGL 476 Advanced Fiction Writing/ 3 credits
Choose one of the following:
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry/3 credits

Creative Nonfiction Track
Required Core Courses:
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction/3 credits
ENGL 478 Advanced Creative Nonfiction Writing/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry/3 credits

Dramatic Writing Track
Required Core Courses:
ENGL 315 Introduction to Dramatic Writing/3 credits
ENGL 475 Advanced Dramatic Writing/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
ENGL 316 Writing Fiction
ENGL 317 Writing Poetry
ENGL 318 Writing Non-Fiction

Minor Portfolio: Students must submit a final portfolio before official completion of the minor will be granted. Specific requirements for the portfolio are as follows:

Portfolio Contents:
A. Examples of the student's beginning body of work from workshop courses: two in primary genre, one in another genre. One piece from primary genre should include drafts, illustrating process and revision practices.
B. A personal narrative examining their own "writing and reading life."

Portfolio Length Requirements:
Poetry--10 pages; Prose--25 pages; Combination of Poetry and Prose--20 pages; Play or Screenplay--30 pages; Combination of Poetry and Drama--20 pages; Combination of Prose and Drama--25 pages

Portfolio Narrative Requirements:
Three double-spaced pages addressing (1) writers the student considers to have impacted their work, (2) elements of their writing that have improved over course of study, (3) elements of their writing that provide the most challenge and how they go about revising to address these elements, and (4) what, if any, plans they have to continue their writing.

Portfolio completion:
The student will submit three copies of a completed portfolio to the Director of Creative Writing, who will then pass copies on to be read and approved by a minimum of three departmental faculty members. Two of these readers will be assigned members of the Creative Writing faculty, while the third--chosen by the student--may be from any concentration in the department. With signatures from at least two of the three readers, the portfolio will be considered approved and the minor completed.

ENGLISH COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (ENGL)

Note: ENGL 150, which satisfies Goal Two of the General Education requirements, is prerequisite to all other English courses.
General Education Courses *
Writing Intensive Course **
Speaking Intensive Course ***

English 150. Writing and Research. Writing and reading for a variety of academic purposes including in-depth research. Oral presentation required. Prerequisite to all other English courses. 3 credits. *

English 201. World Literature. A theme-centered study of selected movements and traditions (exclusive of United States and British literature) by major world writers such as Homer, the author of Gilgamesh, Murasaki, Li Po, Cervantes, Molière, Goethe, Tolstoy, Garcia Marquez, Soyinka, Mahfouz, Rushdie, and Duras. May not be used to satisfy the Humanities requirement for the BA, BM, or BFA degree. Prerequisite: ENGL 150. 3 credits. *

English 202. British Literature. A theme-centered study of significant movements and traditions in fiction and poetry by major British authors such as the author of Beowulf, Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Wordsworth, Keats, Austen, George Eliot, Tennyson, and Yeats. May not be used to satisfy the Humanities requirement for the BA, BM, or BFA. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits. *

English 203. American Literature. A theme-centered study of significant movements and traditions in fiction and poetry by major United States authors such as Bradstreet, Emerson, Melville, Douglass, Dickinson, Hemingway, Faulkner, Hughes, Eliot, and Morrison. May not be used to satisfy the Humanities requirement for the BA, BM, or BFA Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits.*

English 209. Introduction to Literary Analysis.  Sustained study of reading and writing skills necessary to the student of literature, including close reading, the ability to conduct research, and an overview of major critical approaches.  Emphasis on a variety of poetic, dramatic, and fictional forms from a range of cultures and historical eras.  Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3 or permission of department chair.  3 credits.

English 210. Introduction to Journalism. Fundamentals of newswriting and reporting for the student press. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits. **

English 292. Internship in English. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of English. 1-18 credits.

English 295. Special Topics. Selected topics in English. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

English 301. Rhetorical Criticism.  Fundamental principles of rhetorical study.  Emphases on approaches to analyzing non-literary tests using various rhetorical theoreticals approaches. Prerequisite: ENGL 150. 3 credits. **

English 302. History of Rhetoric.  A history of the major figures, texts, and rhetorical movements from Gorgias to the 20th century.  Prerequisite: ENGL 150. 3 credits. **

English 311, 312. Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad. 1-16 credits per semester. 

Writing Courses

English 315. Introduction to Dramatic Writing. Writing the screenplay, play, and other forms of drama. Prerequisite: ENGL 150. 3 credits. *

English 316. Writing Fiction. Writing the short story and other forms of fiction. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits. *

English 317. Writing Poetry. Traditional and contemporary techniques in poetry. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits. *

English 318. Writing Non-Fiction. Narrative nonfiction, article and feature writing, and other forms of literary journalism. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits. *

English 319. Technical Writing. A study and application of writing techniques for the dissemination of scientific and technical information. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits. **

Courses in the Major Literary Periods

Note: These courses are designed primarily for English majors and minors.

English 325. British Literature: Medieval to Renaissance.  Medieval and Renaissance literature (the beginnings to 1660), with an emphasis on such major works and writers as Beowulf, Gawain and the Green Knight, Chaucer, Malory, Wyatt, Sydney, Marlowe, Spenser, Jonson, Donne, Marvell, and Milton. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 326. British Literature: Restoration to Romanticism. Restoration, Enlightenment, and Romantic literature (1660 to 1832), with an emphasis on such major authors as Dryden, Behn, Swift, Pope, Defoe, Richardson, Fielding, Johnson, Wollstonecraft, Blake, Wordsworth, Charlotte Smith, Coleridge, Byron, Percy and Mary Shelley, Keats, and Austen. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 327. British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary.  Victorian, modern, and postmodern literature (1832 to the present), with an emphasis on such major authors as Dickens, Tennyson, Browning, George Eliot, Wilde, Shaw, Hardy, Conrad, Yeats, Woolf, Joyce, Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Beckett, Stevie Smith, Heaney, Barnes, and Rushdie. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 335. American Literature: Colonial to Realism. Neoclassical and Romantic literature and the age of Realism (the beginnings through 1890), with an emphasis on such major authors as Bradstreet, Franklin, Emerson, Hawthorne, Melville, Stowe, Douglass, Whitman, Dickinson, Twain, and James. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 336. American Literature: Naturalism to Contemporary. The age of  naturalism, and modern and postmodern literature (1890 to the present), with an emphasis on such major authors Dreiser, Crane, Chopin, Chesnutt, Wharton, Eliot,  Frost, Cather, Hemingway, Hughes, Faulkner, Wright, Rich, Morrison, O'Neill, Wilson, Albee, Cisneros, and Harjo. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits. 

Other 300-level courses

English 350. Introduction to Linguistics. An overview of structural, cognitive, social, and historical dimensions of language. Applies techniques of language analysis to a variety of language uses. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 356. The Art of Film I. Introduction to theory and techniques of the motion picture through screenings of classic and contemporary feature films. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits.

English 357. The Art of Film II. A study of major directors of film genres. Prerequisite: ENGL 150.  3 credits.

English 358. Women and Film. A study of women directors and the history and conventions of portraying women in film. Prerequisite: ENGL 150. 3 credits.

English 360. Genre Studies. Study of literature in the context of a genre such as, but not limited to, the following: Humor, Mythology, Folk Literature, Detective Fiction, Science Fiction, Lyric Poetry, The Sonnet, Narrative Non-Fiction. May be repeated for credit when the topic changes. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 361. Literature of Places and Spaces. Study of literature that is shaped by its setting or place of origin. Could include, but not limited to, the literature of Ireland, West Africa, the American West. May be repeated for credit when the topic changes. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 362. Literature of Diversity. Study of literature that represent the rich variety of people and beliefs in our world. Could include, but is not limited to, any British, American, or other ethnic literatures; queer studies; postcolonial literature, the Bible as literature. May be repeated for credit when the topic changes. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 365. Shakespeare.  An introductory study of Shakespeare's works.  Prerequisite:  completion of General Education Goal 3.  3 credits.

English 380. Children's Literature. A survey of poetry, prose, and other media appropriate for elementary students. Primarily for those preparing for careers in elementary education and library science. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 381. Literature for Young Adults. A survey of young adult literature from 1967 to the present. Selection and evaluation of books, poetry, short stories, and other media. Instruction in and practice with response theory using written assignments and oral presentations. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 382. Traditional and Modern English Grammar. A brief consideration of the history of the English language and a detailed study of English sentence structure, using the perspectives of traditional, structural, and transformational-generative grammar. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits.

English 390. Directed Study or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

English 392. Internship in English. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of English. 1-18 credits.

English 395. Special Topics. Selected topics in English. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 1-3 credits.

English 400. Active Citizenship: An Advanced Writing Seminar. Develops rhetorical skills needed for citizenship in a democracy. Includes interdisciplinary inquiry into and analysis of at least one significant public issue across all sections. Prerequisite: Fulfillment of General Education Goals 2 and 3; 75 credit hours or permission of the Chair of the General Education Committee. 3 credits. *

Genre Courses 

Prerequisite: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor.

English 411. Epic. Study in the tradition and qualities of the epic as a unique genre with emphasis on one or more forms or a period in which the genre flourishes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 412. Poetry. Study in the tradition and qualities of poetry as a unique genre with emphasis on one or more specific forms or a period in which the genre flourishes. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 413. The Novel. Study in the tradition and qualities of the novel as a unique genre with emphasis on one or more forms or a period in which the genre flourishes. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 414. Short Story. Study in the tradition and qualities of the short story as a unique genre with emphasis on one or more forms or a period in which the genre flourishes. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 415. Drama. Study in the tradition and qualities of drama as a unique genre with emphasis on one or more forms or a period in which the genre flourishes. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 421, 422. Major Figures in Fiction. Extended study in the work of from one to three major English or American writers. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 423, 424. Major Figures in Poetry. Extended study in the work of from one to three major English or American writers. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 425. Shakespeare. Extended study of specific themes and topics in Shakespeare's works.  Topics may include, but will not be limited to:  studies of a specific genre (comedy, tragedy, history), studies of Shakespeare's Roman plays or history plays, or studies in Shakespearean stage on film history. 3 credits. ** and ***

Other 400-level courses

Prerequisites: Completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor.

English 431. Arthurian Literature. Comparative study of Arthurian material of various countries from the medieval through the modern periods. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 432. Women and Literature. Comparative study of the tradition of literature by and about women. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 441. Ethnic Literature. Comparative study of the literary tradition of an ethnic group such as Afro-American, Jewish, Chicano, or Native American peoples. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 442. Regional Literature. Comparative study of the literary tradition of a region, such as the American South, or Ireland. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 443. Postcolonial Literature. Study of literature written in English from countries during and after colonial contact with Britain, excluding the United States. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 444. Literature and Culture. Extended study of British or American literature and culture at a particular point in time or of a literary theme over time. Emphasis on the relationship of literature to its cultural context, including politics, social organization, art, and music. Prerequisite: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 445. Studies in Children's Literature. Advanced study featuring a particular aspect of Children's Literature, such as a time period, a genre, or a theoretical perspective. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 451. Continental Literature I. Study of ancient, medieval, and Renaissance European classics in translation. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 452. Continental Literature II. Study of European literature of the neo-classical, romantic, and modern periods in translation. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 461. Literary Criticism: Senior Seminar. Study of the history and aims of literary criticism from Plato and Aristotle to the present, including oral and written criticism of literary works. Capstone course for English majors. Enrollment limited to seniors and those with permission of instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 470. Professional Writing Skills. Intensive reading and writing workshop focused on developing professional expository prose within the student's field of endeavor. The last half of the course will be devoted to writing workshops critiquing "works" in progress of some "real world" writing project. Prerequisite: completion of General Education Goal 3. 3 credits. ** and ***

English 475. Advanced Dramatic Writing. An advanced workshop in writing forms of drama. Prerequisite: ENGL 315: Introduction to Dramatic Writing with a grade of C or higher. 3 credits.

English 476. Advanced Fiction Writing. An advanced workshop in writing the short story. Prerequisite: ENGL 316: Writing Fiction with a grade of C or higher. 3 credits.

English 477. Advanced Poetry Writing. An advanced workshop in writing poetry. Prerequisite: ENGL 317: Writing Poetry with a grade of C or higher. 3 credits.

English 478. Advanced Creative Non-Fiction Writing. An advanced workshop in writing various forms of creative non-fiction. Prerequisite: ENGL 318: Writing Non-Fiction with a grade of C or higher. 3 credits.

English 479. Writing: Theory and Practice for the Middle, Secondary, and College Classroom. A study of theories and strategies for improving writing. Includes a discussion of analyzing subject matter, determining purpose and audience, drafting, revising, editing (including using correct mechanics), and evaluating the elements of effective writing instruction at the middle, secondary, and college levels. This course will also contain a field-based component in a classroom setting when students will examine current pedagogical practices in the teaching of writing. Prerequisites: ENGL 350 and 382.  3 credits. ** and ***

English 480. The Teaching of English. Prospective English teachers will examine the principles of content planning, effective methods for teaching content that reflects best practices, and will demonstrate the alignment of curriculum and assessment.  Participants must complete a 75 hour minimum Teacher Work Sample project prior to the Professional Internship.  Co-requisite: EDUC 473. 4 credits. ** and ***

English 482. Directed Teaching in the Secondary Classroom. Required of all students seeking Secondary Teaching Licensure in English. Each student is assigned to work with a qualified cooperating teacher in a selected school setting off-campus. The student teacher goes to the school setting and follows the schedule of the cooperating teacher(s) for a ten to eleven week period. This schedule involves a minimum teaching day of six hours for five days each week for ten/eleven weeks (300 hours total). Prerequisite: Completion of all methods courses with ENGL 479 and 480 having been taken within two years of student teaching. All educational requirements on page 65 must be completed before candidate can register for student teaching.  Minimum cumulative and major GPA of 2.50. 11 credits. *** 

English 483. Writing: Theory and Practice for the Elementary Classroom. A study of theory and practice relating to writers at emergent, early, and developing stages. Includes discussion of the complex factors involved in literacy acquisition at the elementary level, along with exploration of effective ways to address these factors through writing instruction. Also includes extensive experience with writing: processes, strategies, and evaluation. Prerequisite: ENGL 382. 3 credits.** and ***

English 484. Evaluating and Tutoring Writing. Instruction in diagnosing and evaluating writing, and practice in giving individualized instruction in writing through the Writing Center. May be repeated twice for credit. 1 credit.

English 485. practical issues for the Working Writer. An introduction to practical issues beginning writers face, including but not limited to manuscript preparation, researching journals and markets, preparation for and giving public readings, and imaginative ways to deal with rejection. Prerequisite: ENGL 315 or 316 or 317 or 318, with a grade of C or higher. 1 credit.

English 490. Independent Study. A directed reading and/or research program administered by qualified specialists in the department. One option is to do an extended research project in conjunction with a 300- or 400-level English course for an additional one-hour credit. The student must secure the director's approval prior to registering for the course. 1-3 credits per semester.

English 490. Independent Study. A directed reading and/or research program administered by qualified specialists in the department. One option is to do an extended research project in conjunction with a 300- or 400-level English course for an additional one-hour credit. The student must secure the director's approval prior to registering for the course. 1-3 credits per semester.

English 492. Internship in English. Directed practicum in an applied setting that permits supervised experiential learning. Students perform meaningful tasks related to the discipline in professional environments, such as publishing and journalism on and off campus. The student will complete a practicum agreement established with the department chair, department adviser, and work supervisor. 1-6 credits.

English 495. Special Topics. Selected topics in English. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits. ** and *** 

English 498. Honors Research in English. Students conduct research in English under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits.

MODERN LANGUAGES PROGRAM

The Modern Languages program offers courses in French, German, Spanish, English as a Second Language, and comparative literature. The major in Modern Languages requires a concentration in one of these areas. The concentrations in French, German, and Spanish require courses in the language of the concentration (30 or 33 hours beyond 202) and a second modern language (3 hours at the 202-level or above). No grade below C in the language of the concentration is accepted for graduation requirements for the major or minor in that language. The concentration in comparative literature focuses on the study of literature from different cultures, nations, and genres, as well as relationships between literature and other forms of cultural expression.

Students preparing to teach must take 33-36 semester hours of modern foreign language, including courses in advanced grammar and composition, conversation, culture and civilization, literature, applied linguistics, and methods. Students meeting endorsement requirements will be certified to teach a modern language at all levels from Pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Second language endorsement requires 24 semester hours (at least 12 of which must be beyond intermediate level). Advanced placement reduces proportionately the number of hours required by the Commonwealth of Virginia for endorsement. Majors must have a 2.50 GPA, both cumulatively and in the major, prior to student teaching.

Modern Language majors are required to complete at least one regular semester in a Longwood-approved study abroad program. Students must have a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.5 to be eligible for study abroad. Longwood sponsors regular semester study abroad programs with the University of Salzburg in Austria, with Heidelberg College at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, with the VENUSA program in Merida, Venezuela, and with the Institute of Spanish Studies in Valencia, Spain. Longwood also offers regular semester abroad programs sponsored by the Council on International Educational Exchange at various universities in France and a direct exchange with the University of Geneva. Summer programs are available in France, Spain, Venezuela, and with the University of the Antilles in Martinique.

Supporting courses are recommended in the other humanities. Greek and Latin may be taken at Hampden-Sydney College.

ASSESSMENT

The Department requires student outcomes assessment testing prior to graduation.

FRENCH

Faculty

McRae Amoss, PhD, Professor of French
Raymond Cormier, PhD, Visiting Professor of French
Wade Edwards, PhD, Assistant Professor of French

The French concentration of the Modern Language major requires the completion of a minimum of 30 credit hours in French beyond FREN 202 and the completion of a minimum of three credit hours of work in a second language at the 202-level or higher. Students are required to complete the equivalent of one semester study abroad in a Longwood-approved program, such as affiliate programs in France sponsored by the Council on International Educational Exchange or the direct exchange with the University of Geneva.

GERMAN

Faculty

Geoffrey C. Orth, PhD, Professor of German
John F. Reynolds, PhD, Professor of Modern Languages

The German concentration of the Modern Language major requires the completion of a minimum of 30 credit hours in German beyond GERM 202 and the completion of a minimum of three credit hours of work in a second language at the 202-level or higher. Students are required to complete the equivalent of one semester study abroad in a Longwood-approved program, such as the Longwood affiliate programs at the University of Salzburg and with Heidelberg College at the University of Heidelberg.

SPANISH

Faculty

Donna Brown, MA, Lecturer in Spanish
Ruth Budd, PhD, Associate Professor of Spanish
Francisco Javier Fernández, PhD, Assistant Professor of Spanish
Lily Anne Goetz, PhD, Professor of Spanish
Luis Guzman, MA, Lecturer in Spanish
Susan Hildebrandt, PhD, Assistant Professor of Spanish
Laura Sánchez, MA, Lecturer in Spanish
Jon Sirko, MA, Lecturer in Spanish

The Spanish concentration of the Modern Language major requires the completion of a minimum of 33 credit hours of work beyond SPAN 202 and the completion of three credit hours of work in a second language at the 202-level or higher. Students are required to complete the equivalent of one semester study abroad in a Longwood-approved program, such as the affiliate program in Valencia, Spain at the Institute of Spanish Studies or with the VENUSA program in Merida, Venezuela.

MODERN LANGUAGES MAJOR, BA DEGREE

A. General Education Core Requirements/41 credits
See General Education Requirements
The Department requires PHIL 308, 315, or 316 for satisfaction of Goal 13.

B. Additional Degree Requirements/6 credits
See Degree Requirements for Bachelor of Arts degree

C. Major Requirements/29-33 credits (may include 1 credit that counts in General Education)

FRENCH CONCENTRATION/29 credits (plus 1 credit included in General Education)
Successful completion of Longwood-approved study abroad program
FREN 330 Civilization and Culture/3 credits
FREN 341 A Survey of French Literature I: The Middle Ages Through the Enlightenment/3 credits
FREN 342 Survey of French Literature II: Romanticism Through the New Novel/3 credits
FREN 401 Advanced Grammar/3 credits
FREN 402 Advanced Conversation and Phonetics/ 3 credits
One 400-level literature course/ 3 credits
FREN 461 Senior Seminar: Literature in Cultural/Historical Context/2 credits
FREN 490 Directed Study /1 credit (satisfies General Education Goal 15)
French electives numbered 300 and above/ 9 credits

GERMAN CONCENTRATION/29 credits (plus 1 credit included in General Education)
Successful completion of Longwood-approved study abroad program
GERM 330 Civilization and Culture/3 credits
GERM 341 Survey of German Literature I: The Age of Goethe/3 credits
GERM 342 Survey of German Literature II: Realism to the Present/3 credits
GERM 401 Advanced Grammar and Composition/3 credits
GERM 402 Advanced Conversation and Phonetics/3 credits
One 400-level literature course/ 3 credits
GERM 461 Senior Seminar: Literature in Cultural/Historical Context/2 credits
GERM 490 Directed Study/ 1 credit (satisfies General Education Goal 15)
German electives numbered 300 and above/ 9 credits

SPANISH CONCENTRATION/32 credits (plus 1 credit included in General Education)
Successful completion of Longwood-approved study abroad program
SPAN 320 Advanced Spanish/3 credits
SPAN 330 Spanish Civilization and Culture/3 credits
SPAN 331 Latin American Civilization and Culture/3 credits
SPAN 341 Survey of Spanish Literature I: Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque/3 credits
SPAN 342 Survey of Spanish Literature II: Neoclassicism to the Present/ 3 credits or
SPAN 351 Survey of Spanish American Literature I: The Age of Discovery and the Colonial Period/3 credits
SPAN 352 Survey of Spanish American Literature II: The Era of Independence to the
Present/3 credits
SPAN 401 Advanced Grammar and Composition/3 credits
SPAN 402 Advanced Conversation and Phonetics/3 credits
One 400-level literature course/ 3 credits
SPAN 461 Senior Seminar: Literature in Cultural/Historical Context/2 credits
SPAN 490 Directed Study/ 1 credit (satisfies General Education Goal 15)
Spanish electives numbered 300 and above/ 3 credits

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE CONCENTRATION/33 credits (may include 1 credit that counts in General Education)
Successful completion of Longwood-approved study abroad program in a non-English-speaking country
ENGL 350 Introduction to Linguistics/3 credits
ENGL 382 Traditional and Modern English Grammar/3 credits
CSDS 285 Language Development Across the Lifespan/3 credits
FREN/GERM/SPAN 401 Advanced Grammar and Composition/3 credits
FREN/GERM/SPAN 402 Advanced Conversation and Phonetics/3 credits
Choose two of the following:
ANTH 204 Language and Culture/3 credits
COMM 420 Intercultural Communication/3 credits
PSYC 384 Cross-Cultural Psychology/3 credits
SPED 375 Language and Language Disorders/3 credits
CSDS 314 Phonology and Language Disorders/3 credits
English electives, 300 and 400 level/6 credits
French, German, or Spanish electives/6 credits

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE CONCENTRATION/29 credits (plus 1 credit included in General Education)
Successful completion of Longwood-approved study abroad program in a country where the language of the primary literature (French, German, or Spanish) is spoken
Courses in Comparative Literature and Theory as below/9 credits
MLAN 301 Introduction to Comparative Literature/3 credits
MLAN 451 Continental Literature I/3 credits
MLAN 452 Continental Literature II/3 credits
Courses in the Primary Literature: Literature in French, German, or Spanish in courses from a single language as listed below/15 credits
FREN/GERM/SPAN 341 Survey of Literature I/3 credits*
FREN/GERM 342 or SPAN 352 Survey of Literature II/3 credits*
FREN/GERM/SPAN 461 Senior Seminar/2 credits*
FREN/GERM/SPAN 490 Directed Study/1 credit* (satisfies General Education Goal 15)
*must be taken on campus
French, German or Spanish electives from the following:
FREN 335, FREN/GERM/SPAN 411-416, FREN/GERM/SPAN 495/6 credits
Courses in the Secondary Literature: Literature in English, French, German, or Spanish in courses from a second language as listed below/6 credits
ENGL 321-362, ENGL 411-452, FREN 335, FREN/GERM/SPAN 341, FREN/GERM 342, SPAN 352, FREN/GERM/SPAN 411-416, FREN/GERM/SPAN 495

D. Pre K-12 Teaching Endorsement/37-40 credits
(Students will have three field experiences - EDUC 265, 370, and FREN/GERM/SPAN 482. In accordance with state licensure regulations, these experiences must include settings at the elementary or middle school settings, and at the secondary level. Each student must make appropriate arrangements with the Office of Professional Services in the Department of Education to ensure that this requirement is met.)

FRENCH CONCENTRATION/40 credits
FREN 320 Advanced French/3 credits
FREN 400 Approaches to Teaching French/3 credits
EDUC 245 Human Growth and Development/3 credits
EDUC 260 Introduction to Teaching/2 credits
EDUC 265 Education Practicum I/3 credits
EDUC 370 Practicum II/3 credit
EDUC 380 Classroom Assessment/2 credits
EDUC 430 Reading in Content Area/2 credits
EDUC 484 Media and Technology/1 credit
EDUC 487 Classroom Management and System Issues/3 credits
EDUC 489 Survey of Exceptional Children/3 credits
Professional Semester:
FREN 482 Directed Teaching in the Elementary and Secondary French Classroom/11 credits
EDUC 488 Education Seminar/1 credit


GERMAN CONCENTRATION/40 credits

GERM 320 Advanced German/3 credits
GERM 400 Approaches to Teaching German/3 credits
EDUC 245 Human Growth and Development/3 credits
EDUC 260 Introduction to Teaching/2 credits
EDUC 265 Education Practicum I/3 credits
EDUC 370 Practicum II/3 credits
EDUC 380 Classroom Assessment/2 credits
EDUC 430 Reading in the Content Area/2 credits
EDUC 484 Media and Technology/1 credit
EDUC 487 Classroom Management and System Issues/3 credits
EDUC 489 Survey of Exceptional Children/3 credits
Professional semester:
GERM 482 Directed Teaching in the Elementary and Secondary German Classroom/11 credits
EDUC 488 Education Seminar/1 credit

SPANISH CONCENTRATION/37 credits

SPAN 400 Approaches to Teaching Spanish/3 credits
EDUC 245 Human Growth and Development/3 credits
EDUC 260 Introduction to the Teaching Profession/2 credits
EDUC 265 Education Practicum I/3 credits
EDUC 370 Practicum II/3 credits
EDUC 380 Classroom Assessment/2 credits
EDUC 430 Reading in the Content Area/2 credits
EDUC 484 Media and Technology/1 credit
EDUC 487 Classroom Management and System Issues/3 credits
EDUC 489 Survey of Exceptional Children/3 credits
Professional semester:
SPAN 482 Directed Teaching in the Elementary and Secondary Spanish Classroom/11 credits
EDUC 488 Education Seminar/1 credit

E. General Electives for BA degree/41-44 credits
General Electives for BA Degree with Pre K-12 Teaching Endorsement/4

F. Total Credits Required for BA in Modern Languages/120

MINOR IN FRENCH, GERMAN, or SPANISH/18 credits

The minor in French, German, or Spanish requires 18 hours of concentration at the 200 level or above, to include:

French Minor
FREN 330 Civilization and Culture/3 credits
FREN 341 A Survey of French Literature I: The Middle Ages Through the Enlightenment/3 credits or
FREN 342 A Survey of French Literature II: Romanticism Through the New Novel/3 credits
French Electives/12 credits

German Minor
GERM 330 Civilization and Culture/3 credits
GERM 341 Survey of German Literature I: The Age of Goethe/3 credits
or GERM 342 Survey of German Literature II: Realism to the Present/3 credits
German Electives/12 credits

Spanish Minor
SPAN 330 Spanish Civilization and Culture/3 credits
SPAN 331 Latin American Civilization and Culture/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
SPAN 341 Survey of Spanish Literature I: Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque/3 credits
SPAN 342 Survey of Spanish Literature II: Neoclassicism to the Present/3 credits
Choose one of the following:
SPAN 351 Survey of Spanish American Literature I: The Age of Discovery and the Colonial Period/3 credits
SPAN 352 Survey of Spanish American Literature II: The Era of Independence to the Present/3 credits
Spanish Electives/6 credits

Greek, Latin, and Russian may be available at Hampden-Sydney College.

FRENCH COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (FREN)

General Education Course *
Writing Intensive Course **
Speaking Intensive Course ***

Note: FREN 101-202 constitute a sequence of courses. A student who has successfully completed a course in the sequence may not subsequently receive credit for any course that comes earlier in the sequence. A student who has successfully completed a course numbered 300 or higher may not take a 100 or 200 level course for credit. Students who have successfully completed more than two years of high-school French may not take FREN 101 for credit. Students who have completed more than two years of French, but who desire a stronger foundation of basic elements are encouraged to enroll in FREN 105.

French 101. Elementary I. Development of basic oral expression, listening and reading comprehension, and writing. Prerequisite: No previous formal instruction in French, or a limited amount of previous formal instruction in French. Followed by FREN 102. Three classes, one practical reinforcement session, and language lab work; 4 credits.

French 102. Elementary II. The skills of speaking, listening and reading comprehension, and writing are further developed. Prerequisite: FREN 101 or an appropriate placement test score. Followed by FREN 201. Three classes, one practical reinforcement session and language lab work; 4 credits.

French 105. Intensive French I - II. Development of basic oral expression, listening and reading comprehension, and writing, for students with a limited amount of previous formal instruction in French.  Prerequisite: one or two years of high school French or other formal instruction not to exceed three years.  Followed by FREN 201.  Five classes and language lab work; 5 credits.

French 201. Intermediate I. A course designed to help students develop skills in speaking, listening comprehension, reading, and writing in French, and apply these skills in a context that recognizes and explores the particularities of French and Francophone culture. Prerequisite: FREN 102 or FREN 105 or an appropriate placement test score. Followed by FREN 202. 3 credits.*

French 202. Intermediate II. Students will continue to develop the skills of listening, reading, speaking and writing at a higher level, integrating a wide variety of topics and materials from the target culture. Prerequisite: FREN 201 or appropriate placement test score. Successful completion of this course satisfies the foreign language requirement for the BA degree and is prerequisite for upper-level courses. 3 credits.

French 292. Internship in French. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of French. 1-18 credits.

French 295. Special Topics. Selected topics in French. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. Prerequisite FREN 202. 1-3 credits. Does not satisfy requirement for BA degree.

French 311, 312. French Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on French language, civilization, or culture. 1-16 credits per semester.

French 320. Advanced French. Development of increased proficiency in all linguistic skills and a more extensive acquaintance with French and Francophone culture. This course will prepare students for more advanced culture and literature courses, but will also prepare students to use French to communicate effectively and to function in a foreign community. Prerequisite: FREN 202 or appropriate placement test score. Successful completion of this course is recommended before students take upper-level courses. 3 credits.

French 330. Civilization and Culture. A study of French civilization and culture with emphasis on social institutions of the current century. Prerequisite: FREN 202. 3 credits. ***

French 335. French Cinema. An introduction to cinema in French focusing on one of any number of particular topics within the broader subject.  Topics may include the history of French cinema, great directors, films treating a specific subject matter (love, war, family), films and literature, films and history, a particular director (Renoir, Truffaut, Godard), or a group of directors (le réalisme poétique," "La Nouvelle Vague"), or films from a particular period.  Students will learn the vocabulary required for describing and analyzing French films. Prerequisite: FREN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits.

French 341. A Survey of French Literature I: The Middle Ages Through the Enlightenment. A study of representative works and literary movements in French literature from the Middle Ages through the Enlightenment. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: FREN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. *

French 342. Survey of French Literature II. Romanticism Through the New Novel. A study of representative works and literary movements in French literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: FREN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. *

French 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

French 392. Internship in French. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to reinforce language acquisition and communication in French as a second language. 1-18 credits.

French 400. Approaches to Teaching French. A study of theories of second language acquisition and their application to the teaching of languages in a communicative, interactive approach at the primary, middle, and secondary levels. Attention will be given to the teaching and testing of listening, reading, writing, speaking, and cultural understanding. Students will develop lesson plans, engage in peer-teaching, and integrate technology into teaching. Students should take this course in the semester prior to student teaching. 3 credits.

French 401. Advanced Grammar and Composition. Syntax and grammar through written work. Prerequisite: FREN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. **

French 402. Advanced Conversation and Phonetics. Theory and practice in the spoken language. Current techniques and their uses in attaining mastery of oral French. Prerequisite: FREN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. ***

French 411, 412. Studies in Literary Genre. Study of a particular genre in French literature, such as the Nouveau Roman, short story, romantic theater, symbolist poetry. Prerequisites: FREN 341 and 342. 3 credits. **

French 413, 414. French Literary Movements. Study of a particular movement or period in French literature, such as Realism, Neo-classicism, Naturalism, Surrealism, Existentialism. Prerequisites: FREN 341 and 342. 3 credits. **

French 415, 416. Major French Authors. Study of a particular author of French literature, such as Montaigne, Sartre, Hugo, Voltaire, Valery. Prerequisites: FREN 341 and 342. 3 credits. **

French 461. Senior Seminar: Literature in Cultural/Historical Context. A seminar for senior modern language majors concentrating in French, designed to integrate knowledge of French and Francophone history and culture as a background for literary analysis. Must be taken concurrently with FREN 490 (1 credit). Prerequisites: FREN 341 and 342. 2 credits. ** and ***

French 482. Directed Teaching in the Elementary and Secondary French Classroom. Required of all students seeking Pre K-12 Teaching Licensure in French. Each student is assigned to work with qualified cooperating teachers in two selected school settings off campus, for five weeks in each setting. Settings will be chosen among elementary, middle and secondary levels. The student teacher follows the schedule of each cooperating teacher and will take over all duties under the supervision of the cooperating teacher. The schedule involves a minimum teaching day of five to six hours for five days each week for ten to eleven weeks (300 hours total). Prerequisite: completion of the Modern Language major (French concentration), the Study Abroad requirement, and a minimum cumulative and major GPA of 2.50. 11 credits.

French 490. Directed Study. Individualized study; recommended only when material cannot be covered in scheduled courses. By permission of department head. 6 credits maximum.

French 492. Internship in French. Directed practicum in an applied setting that permits experiential learning. Students learn through performance in meaningful tasks in a variety of professional environments, such as foreign trade missions, government agencies, or the travel industry. It is intended for seniors not seeking teacher certification. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 1-16 credits.

French 495. Special Topics. Selected topics in French. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

French 498. Honors Research in French. Students conduct research in French under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits.

GERMAN Course Descriptions (GERM)

General Education Course *
Writing Intensive Course **
Speaking Intensive Course ***

NOTE: GERM 101-202 constitute a sequence of courses. A student who has successfully completed a course in the sequence may not subsequently receive credit for any course that comes earlier in the sequence. A student who has successfully completed a course numbered 300 or higher may not take a 100 or 200 level course for credit. Students who have successfully completed more than two years of high school German may not take GERM 101 for credit.

German 101. Elementary I. Development of basic oral expression, listening and reading comprehension, and writing. Prerequisite: No previous formal instruction in German, or a limited amount of previous formal instruction in German. Followed by GERM 102. Three classes, one practical reinforcement session, and language lab work. 4 credits.

German 102. Elementary II. The skills of speaking, listening and reading comprehension, and writing are further developed. Prerequisite: GERM 101 or one or two years of previous formal instruction in German and an appropriate placement test score. Followed by GERM 201. Three classes, one practical reinforcement session, and language lab work. 4 credits.

German 201. Intermediate I. A course designed to help students develop skills in speaking, listening comprehension, reading, and writing in German, and apply these skills in a context that recognizes and explores the particularities of German culture. Prerequisite: GERM 102 or an appropriate placement test score. Followed by GERM 202. 3 credits.*

German 202. Intermediate II. Students will continue to develop the skills of listening, reading, speaking and writing at a higher level, integrating a wide variety of topics and materials from the target culture. Prerequisite: GERM 201 or an appropriate placement test score. Successful completion of this course satisfies the foreign language requirement for the BA degree and is prerequisite for upper-level courses. 3 credits.

German 292. Internship in German. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of German. 1-18 credits.

German 295. Special Topics. Selected topics in German. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. Prerequisite: GERM 202. 1-3 credits. Does not satisfy requirement for BA degree.

German 311, 312. German Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in courses on German language, civilization, or culture. 3-16 credits per semester.

German 315. German for Business. A study of vocabulary, concepts and cultural topics related to basic business interactions in German countries for advanced-intermediate and advanced-level students. Participants receive oral and written situational practice necessary for successful integration into today's German-speaking business world. Prerequisite: GERM 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. ***

German 320. Advanced German. Development of increased proficiency in all linguistic skills and a more extensive acquaintance with German culture. This course will prepare students for more advanced culture and literature courses, but will also prepare students to use German to communicate effectively and to function in a foreign community. Prerequisite: GERM 202 or appropriate placement test score. Successful completion of this course is recommended before students take upper-level courses. 3 credits.

German 330. Civilization and Culture. A study of German civilization and culture with emphasis on social institutions of the current century. Prerequisite: GERM 202. 3 credits. ***

German 341. Survey of German Literature I: The Age of Goethe. A study of representative works and literary movements in German literature from the Enlightenment through Romanticism. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: GERM 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. *

German 342. Survey of German Literature II: Realism to the Present. A survey of 19th and 20th century German literature from Realism to the present with emphasis on dramatic and prose forms. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: GERM 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. *

German 390. Directed or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

German 392. Internship in German. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to reinforce language acquisition and communication in German as a second language. 1-18 credits.

German 400. Approaches to Teaching German. A study of theories of second language acquisition and their application to the teaching of languages in a communicative, interactive approach at the primary, middle, and secondary levels. Attention will be given to the teaching and testing of listening, reading, writing, speaking, and cultural understanding. Students will develop lesson plans, engage in peer-teaching, and integrate technology into teaching. Students should take this course in the semester prior to student teaching. 3 credits.

German 401. Advanced Grammar and Composition. Syntax and grammar through written work. Prerequisite: GERM 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. **

German 402. Advanced Conversation and Phonetics. Theory and practice in the spoken language. Current techniques and their uses in attaining mastery of oral German. Prerequisite: GERM 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. ***

German 411, 412. Studies in Literary Genre. Study of a particular genre in German literature, such as the Novelle, lyric poetry, the German novel, modern drama, short story. Prerequisites: GERM 341 and 342. 3 credits. **

German 413, 414. German Literary Movements. Study of a particular movement or period in German literature, such as Romanticism, the Age of Goethe, Sturm und Drang, Realism, Naturalism. Prerequisites: GERM 341 and 342. 3 credits. **

German 415, 416. Major German Authors. Study of a particular German author such as Goethe, Schiller, Kleist, Kafka, Thomas Mann. Prerequisites: GERM 341 and 342. 3 credits. **

German 461. Senior Seminar: Literature in Cultural/Historical Context. A seminar for senior modern language majors concentrating in German designed to integrate knowledge of German history and culture as a background for literary analysis. Must be taken concurrently with GERM 490 (1 credit). Prerequisites: GERM 341 and 342. 2 credits. ** and ***

German 482. Directed Teaching in the Secondary German Classroom. Required of all students seeking Pre K-12 Teaching Licensure in German. Each student is assigned to work with qualified cooperating teachers in two selected school settings off campus, for five weeks in each setting. Settings will be chosen among elementary, middle and secondary levels. The student teacher follows the schedule of each cooperating teacher and will take over all duties under the supervision of the cooperating teacher. The schedule involves a minimum teaching day of five to six hours for five days each week for ten to eleven weeks (300 hours total). Prerequisite: completion of the Modern Languages major (German concentration), the Study Abroad requirement, and a minimum cumulative and major GPA of 2.50. 11 credits.

German 490. Directed Study. Individualized study; recommended only when material cannot be covered in scheduled courses. By permission of department head. 6 credits maximum.

German 492. Internship in German. Directed practicum in an applied setting that permits experiential learning. Students learn through performance in meaningful tasks in a variety of professional environments, such as foreign trade missions, government agencies, or the travel industry. It is intended for seniors not seeking teacher certification. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 1-16 credits.

German 495. Special Topics. Selected topics in German. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

German 498. Honors Research in German. Students conduct research in German under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits.

JAPANESE Course Descriptions

Japanese 101. Introduction to Japanese. Development of basic oral expression and listening comprehension of the Japanese language. Introduction to basic socio-cultural aspects of modern Japan. No previous study of Japanese required or expected. Three lecture hours and one practical reinforcement period per week, and required language lab work. 4 credits.

Japanese 102. Elementary Japanese II. The skills of basic oral expression and listening comprehension are further developed. Prerequisite: Japanese 101. Three lecture and one practical reinforcement periods, and language lab work. 4 credits.

SPANISH Course Descriptions (SPAN)

General Education Course *
Writing Intensive Course **
Speaking Intensive Course ***

NOTE: SPAN 101-202 constitute a sequence of courses. A student who has successfully completed a course in the sequence may not subsequently receive credit for any course that comes earlier in the sequence. A student who has successfully completed a course numbered 300 or higher may not take a 100 or 200 level course for credit. Students who have successfully completed more than two years of high school Spanish may not take SPAN 101 for credit. Students who have completed more than two years of high school Spanish, but who desire a review of elementary material, are encouraged to enroll in SPAN 105.

Spanish 101. Elementary I. Development of basic oral expression, listening and reading comprehension, and writing. Prerequisite: No previous formal instruction or a limited amount of previous formal instruction in Spanish. Followed by SPAN 102. Three classes, one practical reinforcement session, and language lab work. 4 credits.

Spanish 102. Elementary II. The skills of speaking, of listening and reading comprehension, and writing are further developed. Prerequisite: SPAN 101 or an appropriate placement test score. Followed by SPAN 201. Three classes, one practical reinforcement session, and language lab work. 4 credits.

Spanish 105. Intensive Elementary I-II. Development of basic oral expression, listening and reading comprehension, and writing, for students with a limited amount of previous formal instruction in Spanish. Prerequisite: one or two years of high school Spanish or other formal instruction not to exceed three years. Followed by SPAN 201. Five classes and language lab work. 5 credits.

Spanish 201. Intermediate I. A course designed to help students develop skills in speaking, listening comprehension, reading, and writing in Spanish, and apply these skills in a context that recognizes and explores the particularities of Spanish and Latin American cultures. Prerequisite: SPAN 102 or SPAN 105 or an appropriate placement test score. Followed by SPAN 202. 3 credits.*

Spanish 202. Intermediate II. Students will continue to develop the skills of listening, reading, speaking and writing at a higher level, integrating a wide variety of topics and materials from the target culture. Prerequisite: SPAN 201 or appropriate placement test score. Successful completion of this course satisfies the foreign language requirement for the BA degree and is prerequisite for upper-level courses. 3 credits

Spanish 292. Internship in Spanish. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to apply the principles of Spanish. 1-18 credits.

Spanish 295. Special Topics. Selected Topics in Spanish. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. Prerequisite SPAN 202. 1-3 credits. Does not satisfy requirement for BA degree.

Spanish 302. Conversation. Practice in oral communication skills, including expansion of vocabulary and improvement of pronunciation and listening comprehension. A functional approach, emphasizing strategies for circumlocution, initiating and closing conversation, requesting and providing information, narrating, expressing wishes, complaints, and emotions, giving and receiving advice, and supporting opinions. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. ***

Spanish 311, 312. Hispanic Studies Abroad. Primarily intended for transfer of credit earned abroad in Hispanic language, civilization, or culture. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent. 1-16 hours per semester.

Spanish 315. Spanish for Business. A study of vocabulary, concepts and cultural topics related to basic business interactions in Hispanic countries for advanced-intermediate and advanced-level students. Participants receive oral and written situational practice necessary for successful integration into today's Spanish-speaking business world. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. ***

Spanish 320. Advanced Spanish. Development of increased proficiency in all linguistic skills and a more extensive acquaintance with Hispanic culture. This course will prepare students for more advanced culture and literature courses, but will also prepare students to use Spanish to communicate effectively and to function in a foreign community. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or appropriate placement test score. Successful completion of this course is recommended before students take upper-level courses. 3 credits.

Spanish 330. Spanish Civilization and Culture. A study of Spanish civilization with emphasis on social institutions of the current century. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent, SPAN 320 recommended. 3 credits. ***

Spanish 331. Latin American Civilization and Culture. A study of the peoples and cultures of Latin America, with emphasis on the social institutions of the current century. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent, SPAN 320 recommended. 3 credits. *

Spanish 341. Survey of Spanish Literature I: Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque. A study of representative works and literary movements in Spanish (Peninsular) literature from the Middle Ages through the Baroque era. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent, SPAN 320 recommended. 3 credits. *

Spanish 342. Survey of Spanish Literature II: Neoclassicism to the Present. A study of representative works and literary movements in Spanish (Peninsular) literature from Neoclassicism to the present. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent, SPAN 320 recommended. 3 credits.

Spanish 351. Survey of Spanish American Literature I: The Age of Discovery and the Colonial Period. A study of selected writings of major Spanish American authors up to the nineteenth century. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent, SPAN 320 recommended. 3 credits.

Spanish 352. Survey of Spanish American Literature II: The Era of Independence to the Present. A study of selected writings of major Spanish American authors from the nineteenth century to the present. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent, SPAN 320 recommended. 3 credits. *

Spanish 390. Directed Study or Independent Study. Must be approved by the head of the department. May be repeated as 391. 1-18 credits.

Spanish 392. Internship in Spanish. A semester-long, on-the-job learning experience designed to reinforce language acquisition and communication in Spanish as a second language. 1-18 credits.

Spanish 400. Approaches to Teaching Spanish. A study of theories of second language acquisition and their application to the teaching of languages in a communicative, interactive approach at the primary, middle, and secondary levels. Attention will be given to the teaching and testing of listening, reading, writing, speaking, and cultural understanding. Students will develop lesson plans, engage in peer-teaching, and integrate technology into teaching. Students should take this course in the semester prior to student teaching. 3 credits.

Spanish 401. Advanced Grammar and Composition. Syntax and grammar through written work. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. **

Spanish 402. Advanced Conversation and Phonetics. Theory and practice in the spoken language. Current techniques and their uses in attaining mastery of oral Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. ***

Spanish 411, 412. Studies in Literary Genre. Study of a particular genre in Hispanic literature, such as Golden Age Drama, contemporary Hispanic novel. Prerequisites: SPAN 341 and 352. 3 credits. **

Spanish 413, 414. Hispanic Literary Movements. Study of a particular movement or period in Hispanic literature such as Romanticism, Realism, Naturalism, Modernism, and the Generation of '98. Prerequisites: SPAN 341 and 352. 3 credits. **

Spanish 415, 416. Hispanic Authors. Study of a particular Hispanic author. Prerequisites: SPAN 341 and 352. 3 credits. **

Spanish 442. Latin American Novel. A survey of the main innovative trends in the Latin American novel especially after 1945. Prerequisites: SPAN 341 and 352. 3 credits. **

Spanish 461. Senior Seminar: Literature in Cultural/Historical Context. A seminar for senior modern language majors concentrating in Spanish, designed to integrate knowledge of Spanish and Spanish American history and culture as a background for literary analysis. Must be taken concurrently with SPAN 490 (1 credit). Prerequisites: SPAN 341 and 352. 2 credits. ** and ***

Spanish 482. Directed Teaching in the Elementary and Secondary Spanish Classroom. Required of all students seeking Pre K-12 Teaching Licensure in Spanish. Each student is assigned to work with qualified cooperating teachers in two selected school settings off campus, for five weeks in each setting. Settings will be chosen among elementary, middle and secondary levels. The student teacher follows the schedule of each cooperating teacher and will take over all duties under the supervision of the cooperating teacher. The schedule involves a minimum teaching day of five to six hours for five days each week for ten to eleven weeks (300 hours total). Prerequisite: completion of the Modern Languages major (Spanish concentration), the Study Abroad requirement, and a minimum cumulative and major GPA of 2.50. 11 credits.

Spanish 484. Teaching Spanish in the Elementary School. A directed practicum designed to give students first-hand experience teaching Spanish in the elementary school. Students attend weekly sessions with the instructor throughout the semester, as well as observe, assist and instruct the Spanish for Kids class at PECES for eleven weeks. May be taken twice for credit. Prerequisite: 6 credits in Spanish at the 300-level or higher. 1 credit.

Spanish 490. Directed Study. Individualized study; recommended only when material cannot be covered in scheduled courses. By permission of department head. 6 credits maximum.

Spanish 492. Internship in Spanish. Directed practicum in an applied setting that permits experiential learning. Students learn through performance in meaningful tasks in a variety of professional environments, such as foreign trade missions, government agencies, or the travel industry. It is intended for seniors not seeking teacher certification. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 1-16 credits.

Spanish 495. Special Topics. Selected topics in Spanish. The topics will vary each semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topics change. 1-3 credits.

Spanish 498. Honors Research in Spanish. Students conduct research in Spanish under the direction of a faculty member and the Senior Honors Research Committee. May be repeated as 499. 3 credits.

TEACHING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (TESL)

General Education Course*
Writing Intensive Course**
Speaking Intensive Course***

Teaching English as a Second Language 400. Approaches to Teaching English as a Second Language. A study of theories of second language acquisition and their application to the teaching of languages in a communicative, interactive approach at the primary, middle, and secondary levels.  Attention will be given to the teaching and testing of listening, reading, writing, speaking, and cultural understanding.  Students will develop lesson plans, engage in peer-teaching, and integrate technology into teaching.  Students should take this course in the semester prior to student teaching. 3 credits. **

Teaching English as a Second Language 482. Directed Teaching in the Elementary and Secondary Classroom.  Each student is assigned to work with qualified cooperating teachers in two selected school settings off campus.  Settings will be chosen among elementary, middle, and secondary levels.  The student teacher follows the schedule of each cooperating teacher and will take over all duties under the supervision of the cooperative teacher.  The schedule involves a minimum teaching day of five to six hours for five days each week for fourteen weeks (300 hours total).  Prerequisite: completion of the TESL concentration, the Study Abroad requirement, and a minimum cumulative and major GPA of 2.50. 11 credits. ***

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (MLAN)

General Education Course*
Writing Intensive Course**
Speaking Intensive Course***

Modern Languages 301. Introduction to Comparative Literature. A required introductory course for students in the comparative literature program, MLAN 301 is a course that introduces students to the concepts and methodologies of comparative literatures.  The course also serves as an introduction to literary theory from an international perspective.  The course will help student appreciate various cultural traditions, and will aid in the development of professional reading, writing, and analytical skills.  Prerequisite: FREN/GERM/SPAN 202 or higher, and ENGL 201. 3 credits

Modern Languages 451. Continental Literature I. Study of ancient, medieval, and Renaissance European classics in translation. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

Modern Languages 452. Continental Literature II. Study of European literature of the neo-classical, romantic, and modern periods in translation. Prerequisites: completion of Goal 3 of the General Education requirements, and either one 300-level course in a literary period, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. ** and ***

RELIGION

RELIGION COURSE DESCRIPTIONS (RELI)

General Education Courses *

Religion 242. World Religions. An investigation of the nature and development of religious practices and traditions in other cultures, their teachings, rituals, institutions and ethics. The course includes prehistoric religion, the major traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam and some other traditions which have contributed to their development. This course is recommended for students in the sophomore level and above. 3 credits. *

Note: Other religion courses may be available at Hampden-Sydney College.